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2023年9月30日 星期六 农历八月十六

农业农村部关于落实党中央国务院2023年全面推进乡村振兴重点工作部署的实施意见

浏览次数:1015 日(ri)期:2024-02-22 来源:本(ben)站

来(lai)源:农(nong)业(ye)农(nong)村(cun)部(bu)

各省(sheng)、自治(zhi)区、直辖市农(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)农(nong)(nong)村(农(nong)(nong)牧(mu))、畜(chu)牧(mu)兽(shou)医、农(nong)(nong)垦、渔业(ye)(ye)厅(局(ju)(ju)、委),新疆(jiang)生产(chan)建设兵团农(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)农(nong)(nong)村局(ju)(ju),部机(ji)关各司局(ju)(ju)、派出机(ji)构(gou),国家乡村振兴局(ju)(ju)综合司,各直属单位:

2023年是全(quan)(quan)(quan)面(mian)贯(guan)彻(che)落(luo)实(shi)(shi)党的(de)二十大(da)精神的(de)开(kai)局之年,也是加(jia)(jia)快建(jian)设农(nong)(nong)(nong)业强(qiang)国的(de)起(qi)步(bu)之年。各(ge)级(ji)农(nong)(nong)(nong)业农(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)部门(men)(men)、乡(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)振(zhen)兴(xing)部门(men)(men)要以习(xi)近平新(xin)时代中国特色社(she)会(hui)主义思想为指(zhi)导,全(quan)(quan)(quan)面(mian)贯(guan)彻(che)落(luo)实(shi)(shi)党的(de)二十大(da)精神和中央(yang)经济工作会(hui)议、中央(yang)农(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)工作会(hui)议精神,深入贯(guan)彻(che)落(luo)实(shi)(shi)习(xi)近平总书记(ji)关(guan)于“三农(nong)(nong)(nong)”工作的(de)重要论述,完整(zheng)、准确、全(quan)(quan)(quan)面(mian)贯(guan)彻(che)新(xin)发(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)理(li)(li)念,加(jia)(jia)快构建(jian)新(xin)发(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)格局,着力推(tui)动高质量发(fa)展(zhan)(zhan),坚(jian)持(chi)和加(jia)(jia)强(qiang)党对(dui)三农(nong)(nong)(nong)工作的(de)全(quan)(quan)(quan)面(mian)领导,坚(jian)持(chi)农(nong)(nong)(nong)业农(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)优先发(fa)展(zhan)(zhan),坚(jian)持(chi)城(cheng)乡(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)融合发(fa)展(zhan)(zhan),锚定建(jian)设农(nong)(nong)(nong)业强(qiang)国目标,全(quan)(quan)(quan)力守住确保国家(jia)粮食(shi)安(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)和不发(fa)生规模(mo)性返贫两条底线,扎(zha)实(shi)(shi)推(tui)进乡(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)发(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)、乡(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)建(jian)设、乡(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)治理(li)(li)等重点任(ren)务(wu),全(quan)(quan)(quan)面(mian)推(tui)进乡(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)振(zhen)兴(xing),加(jia)(jia)快农(nong)(nong)(nong)业农(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)现代化,建(jian)设宜居宜业和美乡(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)村(cun),为全(quan)(quan)(quan)面(mian)建(jian)设社(she)会(hui)主义现代化国家(jia)开(kai)好局起(qi)好步(bu)打下坚(jian)实(shi)(shi)基础。

在(zai)工作布局(ju)上,重点推进(jin)(jin)“三(san)个(ge)协(xie)同(tong)”。一是协(xie)同(tong)推进(jin)(jin)产(chan)(chan)能(neng)提升(sheng)和(he)结(jie)构(gou)(gou)优化。坚(jian)(jian)持(chi)(chi)把保障粮(liang)食(shi)(shi)(shi)和(he)重要农(nong)(nong)产(chan)(chan)品稳定安全(quan)供(gong)给作为头等(deng)大事,全(quan)方位夯实(shi)(shi)粮(liang)食(shi)(shi)(shi)安全(quan)根基(ji)(ji),提升(sheng)农(nong)(nong)业(ye)综合生(sheng)产(chan)(chan)能(neng)力(li)。大力(li)发(fa)展现(xian)代设(she)施农(nong)(nong)业(ye),加(jia)快构(gou)(gou)建(jian)多元化食(shi)(shi)(shi)物供(gong)给体(ti)系,努(nu)力(li)实(shi)(shi)现(xian)粮(liang)食(shi)(shi)(shi)安全(quan)保障能(neng)力(li)有(you)新提高(gao)、农(nong)(nong)业(ye)生(sheng)产(chan)(chan)结(jie)构(gou)(gou)不断优化。二是协(xie)同(tong)推进(jin)(jin)成果巩(gong)固和(he)农(nong)(nong)民(min)增收。把脱贫群众放在(zai)农(nong)(nong)民(min)增收大格局(ju)中统筹考虑,把更多资源力(li)量聚焦(jiao)配(pei)置到产(chan)(chan)业(ye)就业(ye)、创业(ye)兴业(ye)上,多措(cuo)并举提升(sheng)内生(sheng)发(fa)展动力(li),拓(tuo)宽农(nong)(nong)民(min)增收致富渠道(dao),努(nu)力(li)实(shi)(shi)现(xian)农(nong)(nong)民(min)收入稳步增长、脱贫成果持(chi)(chi)续(xu)巩(gong)固拓(tuo)展。三(san)是协(xie)同(tong)推进(jin)(jin)乡(xiang)(xiang)村建(jian)设(she)和(he)乡(xiang)(xiang)村治理。坚(jian)(jian)持(chi)(chi)物质(zhi)文(wen)(wen)明和(he)精(jing)神文(wen)(wen)明两手抓,整治提升(sheng)农(nong)(nong)村人居环境,提升(sheng)乡(xiang)(xiang)村基(ji)(ji)础设(she)施建(jian)设(she)和(he)实(shi)(shi)博体(ti)育(yu)手机app下载质(zhi)量,增强乡(xiang)(xiang)村治理效(xiao)能(neng),加(jia)强农(nong)(nong)村精(jing)神文(wen)(wen)明建(jian)设(she),努(nu)力(li)实(shi)(shi)现(xian)宜居宜业(ye)和(he)美乡(xiang)(xiang)村建(jian)设(she)有(you)新落点,农(nong)(nong)村生(sheng)产(chan)(chan)生(sheng)活条件加(jia)快改善。

一、抓紧抓好粮食和农业生产,确保粮食和重要农产品稳定安全供给

(一(yi))全(quan)(quan)力(li)(li)以(yi)赴(fu)夺取(qu)粮(liang)(liang)食(shi)(shi)(shi)丰收(shou)(shou)。启动新一(yi)轮(lun)千亿(yi)斤粮(liang)(liang)食(shi)(shi)(shi)产(chan)能提升(sheng)行动,制定实(shi)(shi)施方(fang)案,加(jia)强(qiang)(qiang)农(nong)田(tian)(tian)设施建设,推(tui)进(jin)农(nong)业科技创(chuang)新,夯实(shi)(shi)国(guo)家粮(liang)(liang)食(shi)(shi)(shi)安(an)全(quan)(quan)基(ji)础支撑。要稳定面(mian)(mian)积(ji)、提高(gao)单产(chan),确(que)保(bao)全(quan)(quan)国(guo)粮(liang)(liang)食(shi)(shi)(shi)产(chan)量(liang)保(bao)持在1.3万亿(yi)斤以(yi)上(shang)(shang)。压实(shi)(shi)责任稳面(mian)(mian)积(ji)。严(yan)格执行粮(liang)(liang)食(shi)(shi)(shi)安(an)全(quan)(quan)党政同责考(kao)核。经国(guo)务院(yuan)同意,将(jiang)粮(liang)(liang)食(shi)(shi)(shi)生产(chan)目标(biao)任务下达(da)各省份,确(que)保(bao)全(quan)(quan)国(guo)粮(liang)(liang)食(shi)(shi)(shi)面(mian)(mian)积(ji)稳定在17.7亿(yi)亩(mu)以(yi)上(shang)(shang)。稳定小麦(mai)(mai)(mai)面(mian)(mian)积(ji),稳定南方(fang)双(shuang)季(ji)稻(dao)生产(chan),因(yin)地(di)制宜发展再生稻(dao),挖掘(jue)北方(fang)农(nong)牧交错带、西(xi)南地(di)区玉米(mi)(mi)面(mian)(mian)积(ji)潜力(li)(li)。严(yan)防(fang)(fang)“割青毁粮(liang)(liang)”。加(jia)强(qiang)(qiang)指导(dao)攻单产(chan)。深入(ru)开展绿色(se)高(gao)质高(gao)效(xiao)行动,选择(ze)一(yi)批(pi)重点(dian)县(农(nong)场)开展吨粮(liang)(liang)田(tian)(tian)创(chuang)建,集成推(tui)广高(gao)产(chan)高(gao)效(xiao)技术模(mo)式。以(yi)大(da)豆、玉米(mi)(mi)为重点(dian),启动主要粮(liang)(liang)油作(zuo)物(wu)单产(chan)提升(sheng)工(gong)程,选育(yu)推(tui)广耐密品种(zhong),配套精准(zhun)施肥、智能灌(guan)溉等技术模(mo)式。持续推(tui)进(jin)机(ji)(ji)收(shou)(shou)减(jian)(jian)损。完(wan)(wan)善农(nong)资保(bao)供稳价(jia)应(ying)(ying)对机(ji)(ji)制,强(qiang)(qiang)化化肥、农(nong)药、种(zhong)子等调剂(ji)调运(yun)。强(qiang)(qiang)化扶持稳收(shou)(shou)益。制定健全(quan)(quan)种(zhong)粮(liang)(liang)农(nong)民(min)收(shou)(shou)益保(bao)障(zhang)机(ji)(ji)制指导(dao)意见,落(luo)(luo)实(shi)(shi)好(hao)稻(dao)谷(gu)小麦(mai)(mai)(mai)最低收(shou)(shou)购价(jia)、稻(dao)谷(gu)补(bu)贴等政策,逐(zhu)步扩大(da)稻(dao)谷(gu)小麦(mai)(mai)(mai)玉米(mi)(mi)完(wan)(wan)全(quan)(quan)成本保(bao)险(xian)和(he)种(zhong)植收(shou)(shou)入(ru)保(bao)险(xian)实(shi)(shi)施范围。健全(quan)(quan)主产(chan)区利(li)益补(bu)偿机(ji)(ji)制,加(jia)大(da)产(chan)粮(liang)(liang)大(da)县奖励力(li)(li)度。防(fang)(fang)灾(zai)(zai)减(jian)(jian)灾(zai)(zai)降损失。加(jia)强(qiang)(qiang)气象灾(zai)(zai)害(hai)(hai)(hai)监测预(yu)(yu)警(jing),制定防(fang)(fang)灾(zai)(zai)减(jian)(jian)灾(zai)(zai)技术意见和(he)工(gong)作(zuo)预(yu)(yu)案,做好(hao)物(wu)资储备(bei)和(he)技术准(zhun)备(bei),落(luo)(luo)实(shi)(shi)小麦(mai)(mai)(mai)“一(yi)喷(pen)三(san)防(fang)(fang)”、水(shui)稻(dao)玉米(mi)(mi)“一(yi)喷(pen)多促”等关键措施,科学防(fang)(fang)范干(gan)旱(han)、洪(hong)涝、台风、低温冻害(hai)(hai)(hai)、高(gao)温热害(hai)(hai)(hai)等灾(zai)(zai)害(hai)(hai)(hai)。加(jia)强(qiang)(qiang)农(nong)作(zuo)物(wu)病虫(chong)害(hai)(hai)(hai)防(fang)(fang)控(kong)体(ti)系建设,强(qiang)(qiang)化监测预(yu)(yu)警(jing)、联防(fang)(fang)联控(kong)、统(tong)防(fang)(fang)统(tong)治和(he)应(ying)(ying)急防(fang)(fang)治,有效(xiao)防(fang)(fang)控(kong)小麦(mai)(mai)(mai)条锈(xiu)病、水(shui)稻(dao)“两迁”害(hai)(hai)(hai)虫(chong)、草地(di)贪夜蛾等病虫(chong)危害(hai)(hai)(hai),实(shi)(shi)现“虫(chong)口夺粮(liang)(liang)”保(bao)丰收(shou)(shou)。组织各地(di)组建常态(tai)化农(nong)机(ji)(ji)应(ying)(ying)急救灾(zai)(zai)服务队。积(ji)极推(tui)进(jin)粮(liang)(liang)食(shi)(shi)(shi)节约减(jian)(jian)损,制止“舌尖(jian)上(shang)(shang)的(de)浪费”,提倡健康饮(yin)食(shi)(shi)(shi),有效(xiao)减(jian)(jian)轻供给压力(li)(li)。

(二)加(jia)(jia)(jia)力扩种(zhong)大(da)(da)豆(dou)(dou)(dou)(dou)油(you)(you)料(liao)。深入(ru)(ru)推(tui)(tui)(tui)进国(guo)家大(da)(da)豆(dou)(dou)(dou)(dou)和(he)油(you)(you)料(liao)产(chan)(chan)(chan)能提(ti)(ti)升(sheng)(sheng)工程。将大(da)(da)豆(dou)(dou)(dou)(dou)、油(you)(you)料(liao)面(mian)积下达各(ge)省份,并纳入(ru)(ru)粮食安全(quan)党(dang)政同(tong)责考核内容。千方百计(ji)稳(wen)(wen)定(ding)大(da)(da)豆(dou)(dou)(dou)(dou)面(mian)积、力争有所(suo)增(zeng)(zeng)加(jia)(jia)(jia)。合理设定(ding)玉米(mi)(mi)大(da)(da)豆(dou)(dou)(dou)(dou)生(sheng)产(chan)(chan)(chan)者补贴(tie)(tie)标准,实施好大(da)(da)豆(dou)(dou)(dou)(dou)完(wan)全(quan)成本保(bao)险和(he)种(zhong)植收入(ru)(ru)保(bao)险试点,在东北(bei)地区(qu)大(da)(da)力推(tui)(tui)(tui)广(guang)(guang)粮豆(dou)(dou)(dou)(dou)轮(lun)(lun)作(zuo)(zuo)、适度开(kai)展(zhan)(zhan)稻改豆(dou)(dou)(dou)(dou)等(deng)。稳(wen)(wen)定(ding)西(xi)北(bei)地区(qu)大(da)(da)豆(dou)(dou)(dou)(dou)玉米(mi)(mi)带状(zhuang)复合种(zhong)植实施规(gui)模(mo),扩大(da)(da)西(xi)南、黄淮(huai)海和(he)长(zhang)江(jiang)中下游地区(qu)推(tui)(tui)(tui)广(guang)(guang)面(mian)积。在新疆次宜(yi)棉区(qu)推(tui)(tui)(tui)广(guang)(guang)棉豆(dou)(dou)(dou)(dou)轮(lun)(lun)作(zuo)(zuo),发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)小麦(mai)大(da)(da)豆(dou)(dou)(dou)(dou)隔(ge)年轮(lun)(lun)作(zuo)(zuo)。稳(wen)(wen)步(bu)开(kai)发(fa)(fa)盐碱地、整(zheng)治撂(liao)荒(huang)地种(zhong)植大(da)(da)豆(dou)(dou)(dou)(dou)。多油(you)(you)并举(ju)扩大(da)(da)油(you)(you)料(liao)面(mian)积。扩大(da)(da)产(chan)(chan)(chan)油(you)(you)大(da)(da)县奖(jiang)励规(gui)模(mo)。实施耕地轮(lun)(lun)作(zuo)(zuo)项目,对开(kai)发(fa)(fa)冬闲(xian)田扩种(zhong)油(you)(you)菜(cai)实行补贴(tie)(tie),推(tui)(tui)(tui)广(guang)(guang)稻油(you)(you)、稻稻油(you)(you)和(he)旱地油(you)(you)菜(cai)等(deng)种(zhong)植模(mo)式(shi)。在黄淮(huai)海和(he)北(bei)方农牧(mu)交错带发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)玉米(mi)(mi)花生(sheng)轮(lun)(lun)作(zuo)(zuo),因地制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)宜(yi)发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)油(you)(you)葵(kui)、芝麻等(deng)特色油(you)(you)料(liao)生(sheng)产(chan)(chan)(chan)。技(ji)术(shu)集(ji)成提(ti)(ti)高单产(chan)(chan)(chan)。开(kai)展(zhan)(zhan)大(da)(da)豆(dou)(dou)(dou)(dou)油(you)(you)菜(cai)整(zheng)县(农场)整(zheng)建(jian)制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)高产(chan)(chan)(chan)打造(zao),建(jian)设一批“百亩(mu)田、千亩(mu)方、万亩(mu)片”,集(ji)中推(tui)(tui)(tui)介一批新品种(zhong),集(ji)成推(tui)(tui)(tui)广(guang)(guang)新技(ji)术(shu)新模(mo)式(shi),辐射带动大(da)(da)面(mian)积均(jun)衡增(zeng)(zeng)产(chan)(chan)(chan)增(zeng)(zeng)效。分(fen)类型开(kai)展(zhan)(zhan)油(you)(you)菜(cai)高产(chan)(chan)(chan)竞赛(sai),分(fen)区(qu)域(yu)总(zong)结推(tui)(tui)(tui)广(guang)(guang)可复制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)的高产(chan)(chan)(chan)典型。加(jia)(jia)(jia)强长(zhang)江(jiang)流域(yu)受(shou)旱影响油(you)(you)菜(cai)田间管理,多打抗旱机(ji)井,及时促弱转壮(zhuang)。加(jia)(jia)(jia)快大(da)(da)豆(dou)(dou)(dou)(dou)玉米(mi)(mi)带状(zhuang)复合种(zhong)植专用(yong)品种(zhong)选育和(he)配(pei)套农机(ji)改制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)推(tui)(tui)(tui)广(guang)(guang),分(fen)省份组织制(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)定(ding)技(ji)术(shu)方案,分(fen)区(qu)域(yu)开(kai)展(zhan)(zhan)培(pei)训(xun)指导,提(ti)(ti)升(sheng)(sheng)技(ji)术(shu)到位率和(he)覆盖面(mian)。

(三)提(ti)升生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)猪(zhu)等畜(chu)(chu)产(chan)品供给能(neng)力(li)(li)。着力(li)(li)稳生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)猪(zhu)、增(zeng)牛(niu)羊(yang)(yang)、兴(xing)奶(nai)(nai)(nai)业(ye)(ye),促进畜(chu)(chu)牧业(ye)(ye)提(ti)质增(zeng)效。加(jia)(jia)强(qiang)(qiang)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)猪(zhu)产(chan)能(neng)调控。开展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)猪(zhu)产(chan)能(neng)调控工作考核,确保能(neng)繁(fan)母猪(zhu)存栏量保持在(zai)4100万头左右的合理(li)区域(yu)。强(qiang)(qiang)化市场监(jian)测预警和(he)信息(xi)发(fa)(fa)布,引导养殖场(户)合理(li)安(an)排生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)产(chan),防(fang)(fang)(fang)止生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)产(chan)大起大落。稳步(bu)发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)草(cao)食畜(chu)(chu)牧业(ye)(ye)。深入开展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)肉(rou)牛(niu)肉(rou)羊(yang)(yang)增(zeng)量提(ti)质行动(dong)(dong)(dong),继续支持牧区草(cao)原(yuan)畜(chu)(chu)牧业(ye)(ye)转型升级,落实(shi)(shi)草(cao)原(yuan)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)态保护补(bu)助奖励政策。实(shi)(shi)施奶(nai)(nai)(nai)业(ye)(ye)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)产(chan)能(neng)力(li)(li)提(ti)升整县推进项目(mu),加(jia)(jia)强(qiang)(qiang)奶(nai)(nai)(nai)源(yuan)基地(di)建(jian)设(she),支持开展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)奶(nai)(nai)(nai)农养加(jia)(jia)一(yi)(yi)体化试(shi)点(dian)。开发(fa)(fa)利(li)用(yong)(yong)饲(si)草(cao)料资源(yuan)。深入开展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)豆(dou)粕减量替(ti)代行动(dong)(dong)(dong),大力(li)(li)推广低蛋白日粮技术。启动(dong)(dong)(dong)实(shi)(shi)施增(zeng)草(cao)节(jie)粮行动(dong)(dong)(dong),建(jian)设(she)优质节(jie)水高产(chan)稳产(chan)饲(si)草(cao)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)产(chan)基地(di),大力(li)(li)发(fa)(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)青贮(zhu)玉米和(he)苜蓿等优质饲(si)草(cao),因(yin)地(di)制宜开发(fa)(fa)利(li)用(yong)(yong)农作物(wu)(wu)(wu)秸秆及特色(se)饲(si)草(cao)资源(yuan)。扩大餐桌剩余食物(wu)(wu)(wu)、毛(mao)皮动(dong)(dong)(dong)物(wu)(wu)(wu)屠(tu)体饲(si)料化应用(yong)(yong)试(shi)点(dian)。加(jia)(jia)强(qiang)(qiang)重(zhong)大动(dong)(dong)(dong)物(wu)(wu)(wu)疫(yi)病(bing)(bing)防(fang)(fang)(fang)控。加(jia)(jia)强(qiang)(qiang)基层(ceng)动(dong)(dong)(dong)物(wu)(wu)(wu)疫(yi)病(bing)(bing)防(fang)(fang)(fang)控体系建(jian)设(she),开展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)非洲猪(zhu)瘟等重(zhong)大动(dong)(dong)(dong)物(wu)(wu)(wu)疫(yi)病(bing)(bing)分区防(fang)(fang)(fang)控和(he)重(zhong)点(dian)人畜(chu)(chu)共患病(bing)(bing)源(yuan)头防(fang)(fang)(fang)控,深入推进畜(chu)(chu)间(jian)布病(bing)(bing)防(fang)(fang)(fang)控五年行动(dong)(dong)(dong),建(jian)设(she)一(yi)(yi)批(pi)动(dong)(dong)(dong)物(wu)(wu)(wu)疫(yi)病(bing)(bing)净化场、无(wu)疫(yi)小区和(he)无(wu)疫(yi)区,建(jian)设(she)一(yi)(yi)批(pi)无(wu)规定水生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)动(dong)(dong)(dong)物(wu)(wu)(wu)疫(yi)病(bing)(bing)苗种场。

(四)推(tui)(tui)(tui)(tui)进(jin)(jin)渔(yu)(yu)业(ye)高质量(liang)发展(zhan)。发展(zhan)健康(kang)养(yang)(yang)(yang)殖(zhi)(zhi)。深入(ru)实施(shi)水产(chan)(chan)绿(lv)色养(yang)(yang)(yang)殖(zhi)(zhi)技(ji)术(shu)推(tui)(tui)(tui)(tui)广“五(wu)大行动(dong)”,开展(zhan)国(guo)家(jia)(jia)级(ji)水产(chan)(chan)健康(kang)养(yang)(yang)(yang)殖(zhi)(zhi)和生(sheng)态(tai)养(yang)(yang)(yang)殖(zhi)(zhi)示范(fan)区创(chuang)建。稳(wen)定(ding)水产(chan)(chan)养(yang)(yang)(yang)殖(zhi)(zhi)面积(ji),编(bian)制全(quan)(quan)国(guo)养(yang)(yang)(yang)殖(zhi)(zhi)水域滩涂规划,推(tui)(tui)(tui)(tui)进(jin)(jin)养(yang)(yang)(yang)殖(zhi)(zhi)证核(he)发全(quan)(quan)覆盖(gai),加快建立重要(yao)养(yang)(yang)(yang)殖(zhi)(zhi)水域滩涂保(bao)护制度(du)。推(tui)(tui)(tui)(tui)进(jin)(jin)适(shi)度(du)捕(bu)捞。强化(hua)渔(yu)(yu)业(ye)资(zi)源总量(liang)管(guan)理,推(tui)(tui)(tui)(tui)动(dong)渔(yu)(yu)船管(guan)理改革(ge),探索推(tui)(tui)(tui)(tui)进(jin)(jin)渤(bo)海(hai)限额捕(bu)捞试(shi)点。支持远(yuan)洋渔(yu)(yu)业(ye)企业(ye)全(quan)(quan)产(chan)(chan)业(ye)链绿(lv)色转型(xing),加强远(yuan)洋渔(yu)(yu)业(ye)基地建设(she)(she),加大自(zi)捕(bu)鱼运回(hui)力(li)度(du)。开展(zhan)平安渔(yu)(yu)业(ye)创(chuang)建示范(fan)。拓展(zhan)发展(zhan)空间。积(ji)极推(tui)(tui)(tui)(tui)进(jin)(jin)深远(yuan)海(hai)养(yang)(yang)(yang)殖(zhi)(zhi),建设(she)(she)一批(pi)深远(yuan)海(hai)大型(xing)智能化(hua)养(yang)(yang)(yang)殖(zhi)(zhi)渔(yu)(yu)场(chang)。积(ji)极发展(zhan)大水面生(sheng)态(tai)渔(yu)(yu)业(ye),规范(fan)增殖(zhi)(zhi)生(sheng)产(chan)(chan),稳(wen)步发展(zhan)稻渔(yu)(yu)综合种养(yang)(yang)(yang)。因地制宜推(tui)(tui)(tui)(tui)广以(yi)渔(yu)(yu)治碱模式(shi)。创(chuang)建一批(pi)国(guo)家(jia)(jia)级(ji)海(hai)洋牧(mu)场(chang)示范(fan)区,扎实推(tui)(tui)(tui)(tui)进(jin)(jin)国(guo)家(jia)(jia)级(ji)渔(yu)(yu)港经济区建设(she)(she),推(tui)(tui)(tui)(tui)进(jin)(jin)渔(yu)(yu)港管(guan)理改革(ge)。

(五(wu))大力(li)发(fa)展(zhan)现代(dai)设(she)(she)施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)。制定设(she)(she)施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)发(fa)展(zhan)指导(dao)意见,实(shi)施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)全国现代(dai)设(she)(she)施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)建(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)规(gui)划,启(qi)动(dong)设(she)(she)施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)现代(dai)化提(ti)(ti)升行(xing)动(dong),推(tui)进(jin)(jin)(jin)设(she)(she)施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)提(ti)(ti)档(dang)升级。开展(zhan)设(she)(she)施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)贷(dai)款贴息试点(dian),通(tong)过发(fa)行(xing)地(di)方(fang)政(zheng)(zheng)府专项(xiang)债(zhai)、政(zheng)(zheng)策(ce)性金(jin)融(rong)等(deng)(deng)方(fang)式(shi)拓宽资(zi)(zi)金(jin)渠道(dao),鼓励将符合条(tiao)件的(de)项(xiang)目(mu)打捆(kun)打包(bao)按规(gui)定由市场(chang)主(zhu)体实(shi)施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi),撬动(dong)金(jin)融(rong)和(he)社会资(zi)(zi)本更多(duo)投向设(she)(she)施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)。以节能宜机(ji)为(wei)主(zhu)发(fa)展(zhan)设(she)(she)施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)种植业(ye)。实(shi)施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)集(ji)(ji)中(zhong)育(yu)(yu)秧设(she)(she)施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)建(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)补(bu)(bu)助政(zheng)(zheng)策(ce),集(ji)(ji)中(zhong)连片开展(zhan)老旧(jiu)设(she)(she)施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)改造提(ti)(ti)升试点(dian),加快(kuai)发(fa)展(zhan)水(shui)稻集(ji)(ji)中(zhong)育(yu)(yu)秧中(zhong)心(xin)和(he)蔬菜集(ji)(ji)约化育(yu)(yu)苗中(zhong)心(xin)、植物工(gong)厂(chang)。在保护生态和(he)深度节水(shui)的(de)前提(ti)(ti)下(xia),支持(chi)西北寒旱地(di)区(qu)和(he)戈壁(bi)地(di)区(qu)利用非耕(geng)地(di)发(fa)展(zhan)设(she)(she)施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)。推(tui)进(jin)(jin)(jin)粮食(shi)产地(di)烘干能力(li)建(jian)(jian)设(she)(she),加快(kuai)补(bu)(bu)上粮食(shi)烘干设(she)(she)施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)装(zhuang)备(bei)短板(ban)。以集(ji)(ji)约高(gao)(gao)效(xiao)(xiao)为(wei)主(zhu)发(fa)展(zhan)设(she)(she)施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)畜牧业(ye)。深入开展(zhan)畜禽(qin)养(yang)(yang)殖(zhi)(zhi)标准化示范(fan)创建(jian)(jian),因地(di)制宜发(fa)展(zhan)楼房养(yang)(yang)猪、叠层高(gao)(gao)效(xiao)(xiao)养(yang)(yang)禽(qin)等(deng)(deng)立体养(yang)(yang)殖(zhi)(zhi),加快(kuai)环(huan)境控(kong)制、自动(dong)饲喂等(deng)(deng)先(xian)进(jin)(jin)(jin)适用装(zhuang)备(bei)应用。以健康养(yang)(yang)殖(zhi)(zhi)为(wei)主(zhu)发(fa)展(zhan)设(she)(she)施(shi)(shi)(shi)(shi)渔(yu)业(ye)。推(tui)行(xing)湖泊(bo)水(shui)库(ku)生态环(huan)保网(wang)箱(xiang)养(yang)(yang)殖(zhi)(zhi),加快(kuai)高(gao)(gao)标准养(yang)(yang)殖(zhi)(zhi)池塘(tang)建(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)和(he)尾水(shui)达标治(zhi)理。推(tui)进(jin)(jin)(jin)陆基(ji)和(he)深远海养(yang)(yang)殖(zhi)(zhi)渔(yu)场(chang)建(jian)(jian)设(she)(she),积(ji)极推(tui)广(guang)工(gong)厂(chang)化循(xun)环(huan)水(shui)养(yang)(yang)殖(zhi)(zhi)模(mo)式(shi),稳妥推(tui)进(jin)(jin)(jin)桁架类深远海网(wang)箱(xiang)和(he)养(yang)(yang)殖(zhi)(zhi)工(gong)船养(yang)(yang)殖(zhi)(zhi)。

(六)统筹抓(zhua)好蔬(shu)菜和棉(mian)糖胶等生(sheng)产(chan)(chan)。促进果菜茶(cha)多样化发(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)。严(yan)格开(kai)展(zhan)(zhan)“菜篮(lan)子(zi)”市长负责制考(kao)(kao)核,完(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)善考(kao)(kao)核实施(shi)细则,指导大(da)中(zhong)城市完(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)善“菜篮(lan)子(zi)”产(chan)(chan)品应急保供工(gong)作方案,建设一批蔬(shu)菜应急保供基地(di),保障(zhang)数(shu)量质(zhi)量安全。制定水果产(chan)(chan)业高质(zhi)量发(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)指导意见,总结(jie)推(tui)广果业发(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)“延安模式”,推(tui)进老旧(jiu)(jiu)果园茶(cha)园改造(zao)。稳定棉(mian)糖胶生(sheng)产(chan)(chan)。完(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)善棉(mian)花(hua)目标价格补(bu)贴(tie)政策,推(tui)动新疆棉(mian)花(hua)优质(zhi)优价。继续(xu)实施(shi)糖料蔗(zhe)良(liang)种(zhong)(zhong)良(liang)法技术推(tui)广补(bu)助政策,持续(xu)开(kai)展(zhan)(zhan)糖料蔗(zhe)完(wan)(wan)(wan)(wan)全成(cheng)本保险和种(zhong)(zhong)植收入保险。加(jia)快天然(ran)橡胶老旧(jiu)(jiu)胶园更(geng)新改造(zao),推(tui)进胶园标准(zhun)化生(sheng)产(chan)(chan)。

(七)推(tui)动高(gao)水(shui)平(ping)(ping)农(nong)业(ye)对外开放。优(you)化(hua)对外经(jing)贸布局。实(shi)施农(nong)业(ye)贸易高(gao)质量发展(zhan)专项(xiang)行动,认定第三批农(nong)业(ye)国(guo)(guo)际贸易高(gao)质量发展(zhan)基(ji)(ji)地(di)。持(chi)续(xu)推(tui)进潍坊、宁夏国(guo)(guo)家农(nong)业(ye)开放发展(zhan)综合(he)(he)试验区建(jian)设(she),支持(chi)杨凌(ling)上合(he)(he)组织农(nong)业(ye)技术交流培训(xun)示范基(ji)(ji)地(di)建(jian)设(she)和(he)功能发挥。深度参与国(guo)(guo)际粮农(nong)治理。举办首届全球(qiu)土壤健(jian)康论坛、国(guo)(guo)际葡(pu)萄与葡(pu)萄酒产业(ye)大(da)会,深化(hua)国(guo)(guo)际粮食减损和(he)全球(qiu)重要农(nong)业(ye)文化(hua)遗产合(he)(he)作(zuo)平(ping)(ping)台建(jian)设(she)。深化(hua)农(nong)业(ye)南南和(he)三方(fang)合(he)(he)作(zuo),实(shi)施新一批实(shi)地(di)项(xiang)目(mu)。

二、加(jia)强(qiang)农(nong)业(ye)科技和装备支撑(cheng),奠定农(nong)业(ye)强(qiang)国建设基础

(八)加强高(gao)标准(zhun)农(nong)(nong)田(tian)(tian)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)。制定逐步把永久(jiu)基本农(nong)(nong)田(tian)(tian)全部建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)成高(gao)标准(zhun)农(nong)(nong)田(tian)(tian)的实施方案,分(fen)区(qu)域、分(fen)类型明(ming)确(que)任(ren)务(wu)布局和时序安排,加大(da)投(tou)入、持续建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)。落(luo)实年(nian)度(du)任(ren)务(wu)。确(que)保完(wan)成新(xin)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)4500万亩(mu)和改造(zao)提升3500万亩(mu)年(nian)度(du)任(ren)务(wu),补上土壤改良、田(tian)(tian)间灌排设(she)施等(deng)短板,统筹推(tui)进高(gao)效(xiao)节(jie)水(shui)、水(shui)肥一体化设(she)施建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)。加大(da)投(tou)入力度(du)。创新(xin)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)模(mo)式和投(tou)融资机制,开展整区(qu)域推(tui)进高(gao)标准(zhun)农(nong)(nong)田(tian)(tian)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)试点。积极利用外资支持绿色农(nong)(nong)田(tian)(tian)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)等(deng)。强化管(guan)护(hu)监督(du)(du)。健(jian)(jian)全完(wan)善(shan)高(gao)标准(zhun)农(nong)(nong)田(tian)(tian)管(guan)护(hu)制度(du),落(luo)实管(guan)护(hu)人(ren)员和措施,多渠道保障管(guan)护(hu)资金。健(jian)(jian)全农(nong)(nong)田(tian)(tian)建(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)监督(du)(du)评(ping)价队伍体系,优化完(wan)善(shan)监督(du)(du)评(ping)价指标,提升日常监督(du)(du)能力。

(九)强(qiang)化(hua)耕(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di)保(bao)(bao)(bao)护(hu)(hu)和(he)种(zhong)植用(yong)途(tu)管(guan)(guan)(guan)控(kong)。严守耕(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di)红线(xian)。坚决落实(shi)18.65亿(yi)亩(mu)耕(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di)和(he)15.46亿(yi)亩(mu)永(yong)久基本农(nong)(nong)(nong)田保(bao)(bao)(bao)护(hu)(hu)目标任务(wu),指(zhi)导(dao)各地(di)(di)(di)足额带位置分(fen)解下达,划实(shi)补足、上(shang)(shang)图(tu)(tu)入库。完善补充耕(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di)质量验收办法。严格控(kong)制(zhi)耕(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di)转为其他农(nong)(nong)(nong)用(yong)地(di)(di)(di),稳妥推动(dong)流向(xiang)其他农(nong)(nong)(nong)用(yong)地(di)(di)(di)的(de)耕(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di)有序恢复。提升耕(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di)质量。深(shen)入实(shi)施(shi)(shi)国家黑(hei)土(tu)地(di)(di)(di)保(bao)(bao)(bao)护(hu)(hu)工(gong)程,完成1亿(yi)亩(mu)东北(bei)黑(hei)土(tu)地(di)(di)(di)保(bao)(bao)(bao)护(hu)(hu)利用(yong)任务(wu)。推进(jin)东北(bei)黑(hei)土(tu)地(di)(di)(di)保(bao)(bao)(bao)护(hu)(hu)性(xing)(xing)耕(geng)(geng)(geng)作(zuo)行(xing)动(dong)计划,实(shi)施(shi)(shi)保(bao)(bao)(bao)护(hu)(hu)性(xing)(xing)耕(geng)(geng)(geng)作(zuo)9000万亩(mu)以上(shang)(shang)。严厉打击盗(dao)挖(wa)黑(hei)土(tu)、电捕蚯(qiu)蚓等破坏土(tu)壤(rang)行(xing)为。强(qiang)化(hua)种(zhong)植用(yong)途(tu)管(guan)(guan)(guan)控(kong)。制(zhi)定耕(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di)种(zhong)植用(yong)途(tu)管(guan)(guan)(guan)控(kong)试点工(gong)作(zuo)指(zhi)导(dao)意见。选择(ze)一批区域代表性(xing)(xing)强(qiang)、工(gong)作(zuo)基础较(jiao)好的(de)县开展试点,加(jia)快探索耕(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di)种(zhong)植用(yong)途(tu)管(guan)(guan)(guan)控(kong)的(de)法律、政策(ce)、技术体系。利用(yong)农(nong)(nong)(nong)业遥感等大数(shu)据技术,绘制(zhi)全国耕(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di)种(zhong)植用(yong)途(tu)管(guan)(guan)(guan)控(kong)“一张图(tu)(tu)”。加(jia)快土(tu)壤(rang)普(pu)查。全面(mian)开展第三(san)次全国土(tu)壤(rang)普(pu)查,完成一半(ban)以上(shang)(shang)耕(geng)(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)(di)、园地(di)(di)(di)、林草(cao)地(di)(di)(di)等农(nong)(nong)(nong)用(yong)地(di)(di)(di)普(pu)查任务(wu)。

(十)加快推(tui)(tui)进(jin)(jin)农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)关键核心技(ji)(ji)(ji)术(shu)(shu)攻关。组织跨(kua)学(xue)科(ke)(ke)跨(kua)领域科(ke)(ke)研(yan)力(li)量联(lian)合(he)攻关,打造(zao)农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)先(xian)进(jin)(jin)技(ji)(ji)(ji)术(shu)(shu)集(ji)成(cheng)创(chuang)(chuang)新平台(tai)(tai),推(tui)(tui)进(jin)(jin)各种单项(xiang)技(ji)(ji)(ji)术(shu)(shu)集(ji)成(cheng)配(pei)套、整体协(xie)同,尽(jin)快实(shi)现熟化(hua)技(ji)(ji)(ji)术(shu)(shu)由点(dian)到(dao)线到(dao)面(mian)大(da)面(mian)积推(tui)(tui)开。推(tui)(tui)进(jin)(jin)科(ke)(ke)技(ji)(ji)(ji)创(chuang)(chuang)新。全面(mian)实(shi)施农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)关键核心技(ji)(ji)(ji)术(shu)(shu)攻关,强(qiang)化(hua)央(yang)地协(xie)同、企科(ke)(ke)联(lian)合(he),力(li)争(zheng)在(zai)前沿技(ji)(ji)(ji)术(shu)(shu)领域取(qu)得突破。完善创(chuang)(chuang)新体系。优化(hua)现代农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)产(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)技(ji)(ji)(ji)术(shu)(shu)体系,打造(zao)国(guo)(guo)家(jia)农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)科(ke)(ke)技(ji)(ji)(ji)战略(lve)力(li)量,鼓励地方建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)特色优势农(nong)(nong)(nong)产(chan)品产(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)技(ji)(ji)(ji)术(shu)(shu)体系,推(tui)(tui)动(dong)构建(jian)(jian)(jian)梯次分明、分工协(xie)作、适度竞争(zheng)的(de)农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)科(ke)(ke)技(ji)(ji)(ji)创(chuang)(chuang)新体系。推(tui)(tui)进(jin)(jin)国(guo)(guo)家(jia)现代农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)产(chan)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)科(ke)(ke)技(ji)(ji)(ji)创(chuang)(chuang)新中(zhong)心、农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)科(ke)(ke)技(ji)(ji)(ji)创(chuang)(chuang)新联(lian)盟建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she),加快培育(yu)农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)科(ke)(ke)技(ji)(ji)(ji)引(yin)领型(xing)企业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)。改善创(chuang)(chuang)新条件(jian)。支持农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)领域重(zhong)(zhong)大(da)创(chuang)(chuang)新平台(tai)(tai)建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she),布局(ju)一批国(guo)(guo)际(ji)农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)联(lian)合(he)研(yan)究中(zhong)心、区域技(ji)(ji)(ji)术(shu)(shu)公共研(yan)发中(zhong)心、农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)农(nong)(nong)(nong)村部重(zhong)(zhong)点(dian)实(shi)验(yan)室、农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)基(ji)础性长(zhang)期性观(guan)测实(shi)验(yan)站(点(dian))。加快国(guo)(guo)家(jia)热带农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)科(ke)(ke)学(xue)中(zhong)心重(zhong)(zhong)点(dian)项(xiang)目建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)。加快技(ji)(ji)(ji)术(shu)(shu)应用。完善基(ji)层农(nong)(nong)(nong)技(ji)(ji)(ji)推(tui)(tui)广(guang)体系,实(shi)施农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)重(zhong)(zhong)大(da)技(ji)(ji)(ji)术(shu)(shu)协(xie)同推(tui)(tui)广(guang)计划(hua)。分区域建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)国(guo)(guo)家(jia)现代农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)科(ke)(ke)技(ji)(ji)(ji)示范展示基(ji)地,开展重(zhong)(zhong)大(da)粮油(you)生产(chan)技(ji)(ji)(ji)术(shu)(shu)集(ji)成(cheng)和试验(yan)示范。

(十一)深入(ru)实(shi)施(shi)种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)振兴行(xing)动(dong)。加(jia)(jia)快(kuai)资源普查(cha)。全面(mian)完成全国(guo)(guo)农(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)质资源普查(cha),加(jia)(jia)快(kuai)国(guo)(guo)家(jia)畜(chu)禽和(he)水(shui)产种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)质资源库建设(she),构建开放协作、共享应(ying)用(yong)的种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)质资源精(jing)准鉴定评价(jia)机制(zhi)。推(tui)进(jin)(jin)育(yu)(yu)(yu)种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)创新。全面(mian)实(shi)施(shi)农(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)生物育(yu)(yu)(yu)种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)重大(da)项(xiang)目,扎实(shi)推(tui)进(jin)(jin)国(guo)(guo)家(jia)育(yu)(yu)(yu)种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)联合攻关和(he)畜(chu)禽遗(yi)传改良(liang)计划,加(jia)(jia)强(qiang)高产高油大(da)豆(dou)、短生育(yu)(yu)(yu)期(qi)油菜、再生稻、耐盐碱作物等新品(pin)种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)培(pei)育(yu)(yu)(yu)。加(jia)(jia)快(kuai)生物育(yu)(yu)(yu)种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)产业(ye)(ye)(ye)化(hua)步伐(fa),进(jin)(jin)一步扩大(da)转基因玉米大(da)豆(dou)产业(ye)(ye)(ye)化(hua)应(ying)用(yong)试点范围,依法加(jia)(jia)强(qiang)监(jian)管。推(tui)进(jin)(jin)白(bai)羽肉鸡国(guo)(guo)产品(pin)种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)产业(ye)(ye)(ye)化(hua)推(tui)广应(ying)用(yong)。强(qiang)化(hua)政策扶持(chi)。加(jia)(jia)强(qiang)国(guo)(guo)家(jia)种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)基地(di)建设(she)。深入(ru)开展种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)企业(ye)(ye)(ye)扶优(you)行(xing)动(dong)。开展种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)监(jian)管执法年活动(dong),推(tui)动(dong)实(shi)施(shi)种(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)子(zi)质量认证。

(十二)加(jia)快先(xian)进农(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)创制推(tui)广(guang)(guang)(guang)。坚持(chi)研发(fa)制造(zao)、推(tui)广(guang)(guang)(guang)应(ying)(ying)用(yong)(yong)两端(duan)用(yong)(yong)力(li),生产(chan)主体、应(ying)(ying)用(yong)(yong)主体两头并重,全力(li)推(tui)进农(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)提档升级。加(jia)快补上短板。实施(shi)(shi)农(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)装备(bei)(bei)补短板行动,以破(po)解“一(yi)大一(yi)小(xiao)”农(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)装备(bei)(bei)卡点(dian)难点(dian)为重点(dian),推(tui)动丘陵(ling)山(shan)地拖(tuo)拉机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)、300马力(li)级无级变速(su)拖(tuo)拉机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)、再生稻收(shou)获(huo)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)、大豆(dou)玉米(mi)(mi)带(dai)状(zhuang)复(fu)合种植专用(yong)(yong)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)械(xie)等研制推(tui)广(guang)(guang)(guang)取(qu)得突破(po)。推(tui)广(guang)(guang)(guang)适用(yong)(yong)农(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)。建设“一(yi)大一(yi)小(xiao)”农(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)装备(bei)(bei)推(tui)广(guang)(guang)(guang)应(ying)(ying)用(yong)(yong)先(xian)导区,继续开(kai)(kai)展农(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)研发(fa)制造(zao)推(tui)广(guang)(guang)(guang)应(ying)(ying)用(yong)(yong)一(yi)体化试点(dian)。支持(chi)农(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)企业(ye)造(zao)改结合,保障(zhang)大豆(dou)玉米(mi)(mi)带(dai)状(zhuang)复(fu)合种植、油菜移栽等重点(dian)用(yong)(yong)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)需求。支持(chi)北斗(dou)智能监测终端(duan)及(ji)辅(fu)助驾驶系统集成应(ying)(ying)用(yong)(yong)。强(qiang)化政策扶持(chi)。优化农(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)购置(zhi)与(yu)应(ying)(ying)用(yong)(yong)补贴(tie)政策,探(tan)索与(yu)作业(ye)量(liang)挂钩的(de)补贴(tie)办(ban)法。扩大农(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)报废更(geng)新补贴(tie)政策实施(shi)(shi)范围,加(jia)快淘汰老旧农(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)。开(kai)(kai)展平(ping)安农(nong)(nong)(nong)机(ji)(ji)(ji)(ji)创建活动。

(十三)大(da)力发展(zhan)智(zhi)慧(hui)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)和数(shu)字(zi)(zi)(zi)乡(xiang)村。推(tui)进数(shu)据(ju)整(zheng)合。加快国家农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)遥感(gan)应用与研究中心(xin)建(jian)设,搭建(jian)应用农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村大(da)数(shu)据(ju)平台。制定(ding)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)统计工作(zuo)管理(li)办(ban)法(fa),健全数(shu)据(ju)安全制度体系。完(wan)善农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)产品市场(chang)监测预警体系。常(chang)态化(hua)开展(zhan)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)及相关产业(ye)增加值统计核算。创(chuang)新数(shu)字(zi)(zi)(zi)技(ji)术。实(shi)施(shi)数(shu)字(zi)(zi)(zi)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)建(jian)设项目(mu),建(jian)设一批数(shu)字(zi)(zi)(zi)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)创(chuang)新中心(xin)、数(shu)字(zi)(zi)(zi)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)创(chuang)新应用基(ji)地,协同(tong)推(tui)进智(zhi)慧(hui)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)关键核心(xin)技(ji)术攻关。制定(ding)加快推(tui)进数(shu)字(zi)(zi)(zi)乡(xiang)村及智(zhi)慧(hui)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)发展(zhan)的指导意见(jian)。拓(tuo)展(zhan)应用场(chang)景。认(ren)定(ding)一批农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村信息化(hua)示范基(ji)地,打造(zao)一批智(zhi)慧(hui)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(牧、渔(yu))场(chang)。深入推(tui)进数(shu)字(zi)(zi)(zi)乡(xiang)村建(jian)设试点。

三、持续(xu)巩固(gu)拓展(zhan)脱贫攻(gong)坚成果,增强(qiang)脱贫地(di)区(qu)和脱贫群(qun)众内生发(fa)展(zhan)动力

(十四)强(qiang)(qiang)(qiang)化防(fang)返(fan)(fan)贫(pin)(pin)动态(tai)(tai)监(jian)测(ce)帮扶(fu)。健(jian)全(quan)监(jian)测(ce)机制(zhi)。指导各地调整监(jian)测(ce)范围标准,及时(shi)将有(you)返(fan)(fan)贫(pin)(pin)致(zhi)贫(pin)(pin)风险(xian)的(de)农户全(quan)部识别为监(jian)测(ce)对象,组织开展防(fang)止返(fan)(fan)贫(pin)(pin)监(jian)测(ce)帮扶(fu)集中排(pai)查,加(jia)强(qiang)(qiang)(qiang)跨部门(men)数据(ju)共享协同和研判处置。落实(shi)帮扶(fu)措施。对有(you)劳动能力的(de)监(jian)测(ce)户落实(shi)开发帮扶(fu)政(zheng)策,引(yin)导勤劳致(zhi)富(fu)。对无劳动能力的(de)监(jian)测(ce)户做好社会救助、医疗保障(zhang)等兜底保障(zhang),并逐步提高保障(zhang)水(shui)平。加(jia)强(qiang)(qiang)(qiang)考核(he)评估(gu)。统筹巩固(gu)脱贫(pin)(pin)成(cheng)果后评估(gu)、东西部协作(zuo)考核(he)评价和中央(yang)单位定点(dian)帮扶(fu)工作(zuo)成(cheng)效考核(he)评价,组织实(shi)施巩固(gu)拓展脱贫(pin)(pin)攻坚成(cheng)果同乡村(cun)振(zhen)兴(xing)有(you)效衔接考核(he)评估(gu)。完善帮扶(fu)政(zheng)策。及早谋划脱贫(pin)(pin)攻坚5年过渡期后制(zhi)度安排(pai),推动防(fang)止返(fan)(fan)贫(pin)(pin)帮扶(fu)政(zheng)策和农村(cun)低收入人口常(chang)态(tai)(tai)化帮扶(fu)政(zheng)策衔接并轨。研究建(jian)立欠发达地区常(chang)态(tai)(tai)化帮扶(fu)机制(zhi)。

(十(shi)五)培育(yu)壮大脱(tuo)(tuo)(tuo)贫(pin)(pin)地(di)区特色(se)产(chan)业。深入实施脱(tuo)(tuo)(tuo)贫(pin)(pin)地(di)区特色(se)产(chan)业提(ti)升行动,增(zeng)(zeng)强(qiang)脱(tuo)(tuo)(tuo)贫(pin)(pin)地(di)区和(he)脱(tuo)(tuo)(tuo)贫(pin)(pin)群众内生发(fa)展动力。推(tui)(tui)进全(quan)链建设。推(tui)(tui)动中央财政衔接(jie)推(tui)(tui)进乡村振(zhen)兴补助(zhu)资金用(yong)于产(chan)业发(fa)展比重提(ti)高(gao)到(dao)60%以(yi)上,支(zhi)持(chi)脱(tuo)(tuo)(tuo)贫(pin)(pin)地(di)区聚(ju)焦“一主两(liang)辅”特色(se)主导产(chan)业,实施一批(pi)(pi)全(quan)产(chan)业链开(kai)发(fa)项(xiang)目,开(kai)展技术引进、设施更(geng)新(xin)、品(pin)牌营销(xiao)(xiao)和(he)实博体(ti)育(yu)手机(ji)app下载。高(gao)质量发(fa)展庭院经济(ji)。加强(qiang)指(zhi)导服务。发(fa)挥科技特派团、产(chan)业顾问(wen)组帮扶(fu)作用(yong),推(tui)(tui)进技术服务、人(ren)(ren)才(cai)培训等(deng)措施落地(di)。优化(hua)脱(tuo)(tuo)(tuo)贫(pin)(pin)人(ren)(ren)口小(xiao)额信(xin)贷政策(ce),拓展一般农(nong)户小(xiao)额信(xin)贷服务范(fan)围。开(kai)展消(xiao)费帮扶(fu)助(zhu)农(nong)增(zeng)(zeng)收,支(zhi)持(chi)脱(tuo)(tuo)(tuo)贫(pin)(pin)地(di)区打造区域(yu)公用(yong)品(pin)牌,建立农(nong)产(chan)品(pin)滞(zhi)销(xiao)(xiao)卖难应急处置机(ji)制(zhi)。强(qiang)化(hua)带(dai)(dai)农(nong)增(zeng)(zeng)收。健全(quan)完(wan)善(shan)联农(nong)带(dai)(dai)农(nong)益(yi)农(nong)机(ji)制(zhi),落实经营主体(ti)带(dai)(dai)动脱(tuo)(tuo)(tuo)贫(pin)(pin)人(ren)(ren)口、监(jian)测对象(xiang)等(deng)增(zeng)(zeng)收责任,遴(lin)选发(fa)布一批(pi)(pi)脱(tuo)(tuo)(tuo)贫(pin)(pin)地(di)区联农(nong)带(dai)(dai)农(nong)益(yi)农(nong)典型模式。管好用(yong)好扶(fu)贫(pin)(pin)项(xiang)目资产(chan),巩固光伏扶(fu)贫(pin)(pin)工程(cheng)成效。

(十六)促(cu)进脱(tuo)贫人(ren)口稳岗就(jiu)业。实施(shi)(shi)防止返贫就(jiu)业攻坚(jian)行(xing)动,确(que)保(bao)(bao)脱(tuo)贫劳(lao)动力(li)就(jiu)业规(gui)(gui)模(mo)稳定在3000万人(ren)以上。稳定外出(chu)务(wu)工(gong)就(jiu)业。深化东西(xi)部劳(lao)务(wu)协(xie)作,加(jia)强职业技(ji)能(neng)培训,开展“雨露计划+”就(jiu)业促(cu)进行(xing)动,支(zhi)持脱(tuo)贫家(jia)庭新成(cheng)长劳(lao)动力(li)实现(xian)更高质量、更加(jia)充(chong)分的就(jiu)业,稳定扩大就(jiu)业规(gui)(gui)模(mo)。促(cu)进就(jiu)近就(jiu)地(di)就(jiu)业。对返乡(xiang)回(hui)流人(ren)员建立跟踪服务(wu)机制。规(gui)(gui)范管理以工(gong)代赈(zhen)、公益岗位,重点引导弱劳(lao)动力(li)、半劳(lao)动力(li)在农(nong)(nong)业产业园区、农(nong)(nong)业农(nong)(nong)村基(ji)础(chu)设施(shi)(shi)建设项目务(wu)工(gong)就(jiu)业、灵活就(jiu)业。促(cu)进帮扶车间稳定发展。开展巩固(gu)易(yi)地(di)搬(ban)迁(qian)脱(tuo)贫成(cheng)果(guo)专(zhuan)项行(xing)动和(he)搬(ban)迁(qian)群众就(jiu)业帮扶专(zhuan)项行(xing)动,确(que)保(bao)(bao)有意愿、有劳(lao)动能(neng)力(li)的易(yi)地(di)搬(ban)迁(qian)零就(jiu)业家(jia)庭动态(tai)清零。

(十七)深化(hua)重(zhong)点(dian)(dian)帮(bang)(bang)(bang)扶(fu)(fu)(fu)和(he)社会帮(bang)(bang)(bang)扶(fu)(fu)(fu)。加强重(zhong)点(dian)(dian)帮(bang)(bang)(bang)扶(fu)(fu)(fu)。健全(quan)国家(jia)乡村振(zhen)(zhen)兴(xing)(xing)(xing)重(zhong)点(dian)(dian)帮(bang)(bang)(bang)扶(fu)(fu)(fu)县监测评价指标体(ti)系(xi),开(kai)展(zhan)发(fa)展(zhan)成效监测评价。推动(dong)(dong)帮(bang)(bang)(bang)扶(fu)(fu)(fu)资源向重(zhong)点(dian)(dian)帮(bang)(bang)(bang)扶(fu)(fu)(fu)县倾斜,实(shi)施一批补短板促(cu)振(zhen)(zhen)兴(xing)(xing)(xing)重(zhong)点(dian)(dian)项目(mu)。对(dui)重(zhong)点(dian)(dian)帮(bang)(bang)(bang)扶(fu)(fu)(fu)县实(shi)施教育(yu)、医(yi)疗干部人才“组(zu)团式”帮(bang)(bang)(bang)扶(fu)(fu)(fu)。深化(hua)社会帮(bang)(bang)(bang)扶(fu)(fu)(fu)。扎(zha)实(shi)推进(jin)东西部协作,组(zu)织东部地(di)区(qu)经济较发(fa)达(da)县(市(shi)、区(qu))与协作地(di)区(qu)脱贫(pin)县开(kai)展(zhan)携手促(cu)振(zhen)(zhen)兴(xing)(xing)(xing)行动(dong)(dong),加强产(chan)业转移、项目(mu)引(yin)进(jin)和(he)产(chan)业园区(qu)共建。持续做好中央单位定(ding)点(dian)(dian)帮(bang)(bang)(bang)扶(fu)(fu)(fu),调(diao)整完(wan)善结对(dui)关(guan)系(xi)。深入推进(jin)“万企兴(xing)(xing)(xing)万村”行动(dong)(dong),开(kai)展(zhan)社会组(zu)织助力乡村振(zhen)(zhen)兴(xing)(xing)(xing)专项行动(dong)(dong)。扎(zha)实(shi)做好援疆援藏以(yi)及革命老区(qu)、民族(zu)地(di)区(qu)、边境(jing)地(di)区(qu)等重(zhong)点(dian)(dian)区(qu)域帮(bang)(bang)(bang)扶(fu)(fu)(fu)工作。

四(si)、加强农业(ye)资源(yuan)保护和环(huan)境治理(li),推进农业(ye)绿(lv)色全面转型(xing)

(十八)提升农业资(zi)源保护水(shui)平。推进退(tui)化(hua)耕(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)等(deng)治(zhi)理(li)(li)(li)。优化(hua)退(tui)化(hua)耕(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)治(zhi)理(li)(li)(li)试点项目(mu)实施(shi)布(bu)局,在(zai)南方(fang)粮食主(zhu)产(chan)区开(kai)(kai)(kai)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)酸化(hua)耕(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)治(zhi)理(li)(li)(li)试点,在(zai)西北灌(guan)溉区、滨海(hai)地(di)(di)区和松嫩平原西部等(deng)开(kai)(kai)(kai)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)盐碱耕(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)治(zhi)理(li)(li)(li)试点。落实耕(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)分(fen)类管(guan)理(li)(li)(li)制(zhi)度(du),持续推进受污染耕(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)安全(quan)(quan)利用。健全(quan)(quan)耕(geng)(geng)地(di)(di)休耕(geng)(geng)轮作制(zhi)度(du)。加强水(shui)生(sheng)生(sheng)物(wu)(wu)资(zi)源养护。推进完善海(hai)洋(yang)伏(fu)季休渔制(zhi)度(du),有序扩大(da)伏(fu)休期特(te)许捕捞范围,全(quan)(quan)面实施(shi)公海(hai)自主(zhu)休渔,科学规范开(kai)(kai)(kai)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)水(shui)生(sheng)生(sheng)物(wu)(wu)增殖(zhi)放流。修(xiu)订水(shui)生(sheng)野生(sheng)动物(wu)(wu)利用特(te)许办(ban)法,开(kai)(kai)(kai)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)珍贵濒危物(wu)(wu)种(zhong)资(zi)源和栖(qi)息地(di)(di)调查(cha)。严(yan)密(mi)防(fang)控外来物(wu)(wu)种(zhong)侵害。开(kai)(kai)(kai)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)外来入(ru)侵物(wu)(wu)种(zhong)普查(cha),完善源头(tou)预防(fang)、监(jian)测预警、控制(zhi)清除等(deng)全(quan)(quan)链(lian)条监(jian)管(guan)体系。实施(shi)加拿大(da)一枝黄(huang)花(hua)等(deng)外来入(ru)侵物(wu)(wu)种(zhong)灭除行动。

(十九)集成推(tui)(tui)进(jin)(jin)农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)面(mian)源(yuan)(yuan)污染防治。推(tui)(tui)进(jin)(jin)化肥农(nong)(nong)(nong)药减量增效。实施化肥减量化行(xing)(xing)动,建设施肥新(xin)(xin)技术(shu)、新(xin)(xin)产品、新(xin)(xin)机(ji)具集成配(pei)套样板区(qu),推(tui)(tui)广(guang)(guang)应(ying)用(yong)智(zhi)能化推(tui)(tui)荐施肥系(xi)统,推(tui)(tui)进(jin)(jin)多(duo)元替代(dai)减少化肥投入(ru)。建设100个绿(lv)(lv)(lv)色防控整建制推(tui)(tui)进(jin)(jin)县(xian)(农(nong)(nong)(nong)场)。修(xiu)订禁限用(yong)农(nong)(nong)(nong)药名录,规范农(nong)(nong)(nong)药行(xing)(xing)业(ye)管理(li)(li)。开展(zhan)(zhan)农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)废弃物资源(yuan)(yuan)化利(li)用(yong)。启动畜禽粪污处(chu)理(li)(li)设施装备提升行(xing)(xing)动,推(tui)(tui)进(jin)(jin)绿(lv)(lv)(lv)色种养循环试点,推(tui)(tui)广(guang)(guang)生(sheng)态种养模式。深(shen)入(ru)实施秸秆综合(he)(he)利(li)用(yong)行(xing)(xing)动,建设一批全(quan)国秸秆综合(he)(he)利(li)用(yong)重(zhong)点县(xian)。加(jia)强(qiang)农(nong)(nong)(nong)村沼气安全(quan)管理(li)(li)。扎实推(tui)(tui)进(jin)(jin)地膜科(ke)学使用(yong)回收试点,推(tui)(tui)行(xing)(xing)废旧农(nong)(nong)(nong)膜分类处(chu)置。发展(zhan)(zhan)生(sheng)态低碳农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye),打(da)造一批国家级生(sheng)态农(nong)(nong)(nong)场。稳妥推(tui)(tui)进(jin)(jin)农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)农(nong)(nong)(nong)村减排固碳。建设绿(lv)(lv)(lv)色发展(zhan)(zhan)先(xian)行(xing)(xing)区(qu)。选择一批农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)绿(lv)(lv)(lv)色发展(zhan)(zhan)先(xian)行(xing)(xing)区(qu)开展(zhan)(zhan)集成推(tui)(tui)进(jin)(jin)农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)面(mian)源(yuan)(yuan)污染治理(li)(li)试点,探(tan)索建立整县(xian)全(quan)要素(su)全(quan)链条综合(he)(he)防治工作机(ji)制。组织认定(ding)第三批国家农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)绿(lv)(lv)(lv)色发展(zhan)(zhan)先(xian)行(xing)(xing)区(qu),制定(ding)农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)绿(lv)(lv)(lv)色发展(zhan)(zhan)监测(ce)评(ping)价指(zhi)标体系(xi)。

(二十)加(jia)强(qiang)重点流域(yu)生态环(huan)境(jing)治理。坚(jian)持(chi)不懈抓好(hao)长(zhang)江(jiang)(jiang)十年禁(jin)渔。开(kai)展退(tui)捕渔民(min)就业帮扶“暖(nuan)心行(xing)动(dong)”,推动(dong)落实(shi)(shi)退(tui)捕渔民(min)养(yang)老保(bao)险(xian)、帮扶救助(zhu)等政策。加(jia)快实(shi)(shi)施“亮江(jiang)(jiang)工程”,加(jia)强(qiang)以长(zhang)江(jiang)(jiang)流域(yu)为重点的渔政队(dui)伍(wu)和能力建设(she)。开(kai)展联合执法和专项(xiang)行(xing)动(dong),加(jia)强(qiang)协助(zhu)巡(xun)护队(dui)伍(wu)建设(she),健全多部门(men)协同、跨(kua)区域(yu)联动(dong)执法长(zhang)效机制。开(kai)展长(zhang)江(jiang)(jiang)水生生物(wu)资源监测和完整性指(zhi)数(shu)评价,评估禁(jin)捕效果(guo)。推进黄(huang)河(he)流域(yu)农(nong)业深度节(jie)水控(kong)水。支持(chi)黄(huang)河(he)流域(yu)发展节(jie)水农(nong)业、旱(han)作(zuo)农(nong)业,分区域(yu)分作(zuo)物(wu)加(jia)快推广旱(han)作(zuo)节(jie)水技(ji)术,推进适水种植。建立黄(huang)河(he)流域(yu)生态环(huan)境(jing)涉农(nong)突出问(wen)题整改长(zhang)效机制。在黄(huang)河(he)、长(zhang)江(jiang)(jiang)等重点流域(yu)选取(qu)一批重点县整县推进农(nong)业面(mian)源污(wu)染综合治理。

(二十一(yi))增加(jia)绿(lv)色优(you)质农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)供给。深(shen)(shen)入推进(jin)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)生产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)和(he)(he)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)“三(san)品(pin)(pin)一(yi)标(biao)(biao)(biao)”,扩大绿(lv)色、有机(ji)、地理(li)标(biao)(biao)(biao)志(zhi)和(he)(he)名特优(you)新产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)规模。健全(quan)标(biao)(biao)(biao)准(zhun)体系。制(zhi)定农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)兽药(yao)(yao)残留(liu)(liu)等(deng)(deng)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)国家和(he)(he)行业(ye)标(biao)(biao)(biao)准(zhun)500项,构建(jian)(jian)优(you)质农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)标(biao)(biao)(biao)准(zhun)体系,探索建(jian)(jian)立(li)体现(xian)高(gao)品(pin)(pin)质特征的农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)评(ping)价体系。推进(jin)现(xian)代农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)全(quan)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)链标(biao)(biao)(biao)准(zhun)化(hua)(hua),实施(shi)良好(hao)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)规范(fan)。完善农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)包装标(biao)(biao)(biao)识管(guan)(guan)理(li)制(zhi)度(du),推动农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)分等(deng)(deng)分级和(he)(he)包装标(biao)(biao)(biao)识。加(jia)强质量(liang)安(an)全(quan)监(jian)管(guan)(guan)。开展豇(jiang)豆(dou)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)药(yao)(yao)残留(liu)(liu)突出问题攻坚治理(li),设立(li)包省包片工(gong)作组,按上市季节(jie)从南到(dao)北逐区推进(jin)整(zheng)治,实行月月抽(chou)检(jian)(jian),加(jia)强问题整(zheng)治,上下联动、下沉一(yi)线,严打(da)禁(jin)用药(yao)(yao)物(wu)(wu)使用,严控(kong)常规药(yao)(yao)物(wu)(wu)残留(liu)(liu)超(chao)标(biao)(biao)(biao)。深(shen)(shen)入实施(shi)新修订的农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)质量(liang)安(an)全(quan)法,加(jia)快健全(quan)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)质量(liang)安(an)全(quan)承诺达标(biao)(biao)(biao)合格证、追溯目录管(guan)(guan)理(li)等(deng)(deng)制(zhi)度(du),完善风险监(jian)测评(ping)估机(ji)制(zhi)。推进(jin)国家农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)质量(liang)安(an)全(quan)县(xian)和(he)(he)乡镇农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)质量(liang)安(an)全(quan)监(jian)管(guan)(guan)机(ji)构标(biao)(biao)(biao)准(zhun)化(hua)(hua)建(jian)(jian)设,建(jian)(jian)强基(ji)层监(jian)管(guan)(guan)检(jian)(jian)测队伍(wu),强化(hua)(hua)乡镇网格化(hua)(hua)管(guan)(guan)理(li)。强化(hua)(hua)品(pin)(pin)牌(pai)创(chuang)建(jian)(jian)。深(shen)(shen)入实施(shi)地理(li)标(biao)(biao)(biao)志(zhi)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)保(bao)护工(gong)程。建(jian)(jian)立(li)健全(quan)优(you)质农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)生产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)基(ji)地,完善农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)品(pin)(pin)牌(pai)目录制(zhi)度(du),实施(shi)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)品(pin)(pin)牌(pai)精品(pin)(pin)培育计划(hua),加(jia)快农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)品(pin)(pin)牌(pai)标(biao)(biao)(biao)准(zhun)体系建(jian)(jian)设。制(zhi)定农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)村展会(hui)工(gong)作管(guan)(guan)理(li)办(ban)法,办(ban)好(hao)中国国际农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)交易(yi)会(hui)、中国国际茶叶博览会(hui)等(deng)(deng)展会(hui)。

五、培育壮(zhuang)大乡村产业,拓(tuo)宽农民增收致富渠道

(二十二)大力发展乡村特色(se)(se)产业(ye)(ye)(ye)。突出“土特产”要(yao)求,实施(shi)全(quan)(quan)国(guo)乡村重点(dian)(dian)产业(ye)(ye)(ye)提(ti)升行动(dong)(dong)(dong),建(jian)(jian)立完(wan)善(shan)工作推进体系,加快农(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)全(quan)(quan)链条升级。做强重点(dian)(dian)产业(ye)(ye)(ye)。培(pei)育(yu)一(yi)(yi)批(pi)(pi)资(zi)(zi)源优势明(ming)显(xian)、成(cheng)长性好、带动(dong)(dong)(dong)力强的(de)支(zhi)柱(zhu)产业(ye)(ye)(ye)。指(zhi)导地方因地制宜制定(ding)重点(dian)(dian)产业(ye)(ye)(ye)清单,推动(dong)(dong)(dong)标准化生产、规模化发展、品牌(pai)化营(ying)销。做精特色(se)(se)产业(ye)(ye)(ye)。立足乡村特色(se)(se)资(zi)(zi)源,开发具有鲜(xian)明(ming)地域特点(dian)(dian)、民族(zu)特色(se)(se)、乡土特征的(de)产品产业(ye)(ye)(ye),培(pei)育(yu)提(ti)升一(yi)(yi)批(pi)(pi)农(nong)(nong)民广泛参与、深度受益的(de)乡村特色(se)(se)产业(ye)(ye)(ye)。打(da)造平台载(zai)体。支(zhi)持建(jian)(jian)设一(yi)(yi)批(pi)(pi)优势特色(se)(se)产业(ye)(ye)(ye)集群、国(guo)家现(xian)代(dai)(dai)农(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)产业(ye)(ye)(ye)园、农(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)产业(ye)(ye)(ye)强镇,深入推进农(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)现(xian)代(dai)(dai)化示范(fan)区创建(jian)(jian),推介一(yi)(yi)批(pi)(pi)农(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)全(quan)(quan)产业(ye)(ye)(ye)链重点(dian)(dian)链和典(dian)型县(xian),认定(ding)一(yi)(yi)批(pi)(pi)全(quan)(quan)国(guo)“一(yi)(yi)村一(yi)(yi)品”示范(fan)村镇。

(二十三)做大做强农(nong)(nong)(nong)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)加(jia)(jia)(jia)工(gong)(gong)(gong)流通(tong)业(ye)。提升加(jia)(jia)(jia)工(gong)(gong)(gong)水平。实施(shi)农(nong)(nong)(nong)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)加(jia)(jia)(jia)工(gong)(gong)(gong)业(ye)提升行(xing)动,发(fa)(fa)展农(nong)(nong)(nong)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)初加(jia)(jia)(jia)工(gong)(gong)(gong)、精深加(jia)(jia)(jia)工(gong)(gong)(gong)和(he)综合(he)利用。建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)一批国(guo)(guo)际农(nong)(nong)(nong)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)加(jia)(jia)(jia)工(gong)(gong)(gong)园、中(zhong)国(guo)(guo)农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)食品(pin)(pin)创新(xin)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)园区和(he)加(jia)(jia)(jia)工(gong)(gong)(gong)技术科研试(shi)验基(ji)地(di),大力发(fa)(fa)展中(zhong)央厨(chu)房、直供(gong)直销等(deng)业(ye)态。培(pei)育壮大龙头(tou)企业(ye)队伍,支持龙头(tou)企业(ye)在(zai)县域(yu)布局原料基(ji)地(di)和(he)加(jia)(jia)(jia)工(gong)(gong)(gong)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)能,发(fa)(fa)展一批农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)业(ye)化(hua)联(lian)合(he)体(ti)。健全流通(tong)网络(luo)。深入实施(shi)农(nong)(nong)(nong)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)仓(cang)储(chu)保(bao)鲜(xian)冷(leng)链(lian)物流设(she)(she)施(shi)建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)工(gong)(gong)(gong)程,支持家庭农(nong)(nong)(nong)场(chang)、农(nong)(nong)(nong)民合(he)作社、农(nong)(nong)(nong)村集体(ti)经(jing)济组(zu)织(zhi)等(deng)主体(ti)建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)地(di)仓(cang)储(chu)保(bao)鲜(xian)设(she)(she)施(shi),在(zai)重要流通(tong)节点建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)地(di)冷(leng)链(lian)集配(pei)中(zhong)心。推进国(guo)(guo)家级(ji)农(nong)(nong)(nong)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)产(chan)(chan)(chan)(chan)地(di)市场(chang)建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she),加(jia)(jia)(jia)强大型冷(leng)藏保(bao)鲜(xian)、仓(cang)储(chu)物流等(deng)保(bao)供(gong)公益性基(ji)础设(she)(she)施(shi)建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)。

(二十四)培育新产业(ye)新业(ye)态。提升乡村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)休(xiu)闲旅游(you)业(ye)。实(shi)施乡村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)休(xiu)闲旅游(you)精(jing)(jing)品(pin)工程,建(jian)设一(yi)批(pi)全(quan)国(guo)休(xiu)闲农(nong)(nong)业(ye)重(zhong)点(dian)(dian)县,认(ren)定一(yi)批(pi)中国(guo)美丽休(xiu)闲乡村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun),推(tui)介一(yi)批(pi)乡村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)休(xiu)闲旅游(you)精(jing)(jing)品(pin)景点(dian)(dian)线路。制(zhi)定休(xiu)闲农(nong)(nong)业(ye)高质量发(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)指(zhi)导意见(jian)和休(xiu)闲农(nong)(nong)业(ye)行业(ye)服务(wu)指(zhi)南。鼓(gu)励发(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)教育农(nong)(nong)园(yuan)(yuan)、研学基地、乡村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)露营游(you)、乡土文化体验游(you)等新模(mo)式。发(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)农(nong)(nong)产品(pin)电(dian)商。深(shen)入实(shi)施“互联网+”农(nong)(nong)产品(pin)出村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)进城工程,发(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)农(nong)(nong)产品(pin)直采、定制(zhi)生产等模(mo)式。鼓(gu)励地方与大(da)型(xing)电(dian)商平台对接,建(jian)设一(yi)批(pi)农(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)电(dian)商产业(ye)园(yuan)(yuan)、农(nong)(nong)副产品(pin)直播电(dian)商和人才实(shi)训基地。

(二十五)推进农(nong)村(cun)创(chuang)(chuang)业创(chuang)(chuang)新(xin)。强(qiang)化政策支持。鼓励地方设(she)立(li)农(nong)村(cun)创(chuang)(chuang)业创(chuang)(chuang)新(xin)专项基金,落实(shi)创(chuang)(chuang)业补贴(tie)政策,有(you)(you)序引(yin)导各类人才(cai)在乡创(chuang)(chuang)业。加(jia)强(qiang)技能培训。开展(zhan)农(nong)村(cun)创(chuang)(chuang)业创(chuang)(chuang)新(xin)带头人培育行(xing)动,对有(you)(you)意愿(yuan)返乡创(chuang)(chuang)业人员开展(zhan)培训。举办全国(guo)农(nong)村(cun)创(chuang)(chuang)业创(chuang)(chuang)新(xin)项目创(chuang)(chuang)意大(da)赛和人才(cai)技能大(da)赛,遴(lin)选推介一(yi)批农(nong)村(cun)创(chuang)(chuang)业创(chuang)(chuang)新(xin)典型。建设(she)创(chuang)(chuang)业平台。加(jia)强(qiang)农(nong)村(cun)创(chuang)(chuang)业创(chuang)(chuang)新(xin)园区和孵(fu)化实(shi)训基地建设(she),提升创(chuang)(chuang)业服务(wu)水平。

六、改善(shan)乡村基础设施和实(shi)博体育(yu)手机app下载,建设宜(yi)(yi)居宜(yi)(yi)业和美(mei)乡村

(二十六)统筹推(tui)进(jin)乡村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)(she)。健全推(tui)进(jin)机制(zhi)(zhi)。细化(hua)(hua)乡村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)(she)行(xing)(xing)动专(zhuan)项(xiang)推(tui)进(jin)方(fang)案,协调推(tui)进(jin)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)庄(zhuang)(zhuang)规划编制(zhi)(zhi),统筹推(tui)进(jin)农(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)道路(lu)、农(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)供水(shui)、数字乡村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)等基(ji)础设(she)(she)(she)施(shi)(shi)建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)(she),推(tui)动加强(qiang)农(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)防疫(yi)、教育(yu)(yu)、医疗、社会保(bao)障、养老托育(yu)(yu)等实博体(ti)(ti)育(yu)(yu)手(shou)机app下载(zai)体(ti)(ti)系(xi)建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)(she)。实行(xing)(xing)乡村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)(she)任务清单(dan)管理,指导(dao)县(xian)级全面建(jian)(jian)(jian)立(li)乡村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)(she)项(xiang)目库。推(tui)动实施(shi)(shi)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)庄(zhuang)(zhuang)小(xiao)型公(gong)益性基(ji)础设(she)(she)(she)施(shi)(shi)提升工程。完善建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)(she)标准。实施(shi)(shi)农(nong)(nong)民参与乡村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)(she)指南,推(tui)动建(jian)(jian)(jian)立(li)乡村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)(she)辅导(dao)制(zhi)(zhi)度。以(yi)县(xian)域(yu)为单(dan)位编制(zhi)(zhi)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)庄(zhuang)(zhuang)公(gong)共(gong)基(ji)础设(she)(she)(she)施(shi)(shi)管护清单(dan),建(jian)(jian)(jian)立(li)公(gong)示制(zhi)(zhi)度。强(qiang)化(hua)(hua)示范(fan)引领。探(tan)索推(tui)进(jin)县(xian)乡村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)实博体(ti)(ti)育(yu)(yu)手(shou)机app下载(zai)一(yi)(yi)体(ti)(ti)化(hua)(hua)建(jian)(jian)(jian)设(she)(she)(she),组织推(tui)介农(nong)(nong)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)实博体(ti)(ti)育(yu)(yu)手(shou)机app下载(zai)典型案例。创建(jian)(jian)(jian)一(yi)(yi)批美(mei)丽宜居(ju)村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)庄(zhuang)(zhuang)。

(二十七)整(zheng)(zheng)治提升农(nong)(nong)村(cun)人(ren)居环(huan)境。扎实(shi)开(kai)展农(nong)(nong)村(cun)人(ren)居环(huan)境整(zheng)(zheng)治提升五(wu)年行动,整(zheng)(zheng)体(ti)提升村(cun)容村(cun)貌。稳(wen)(wen)妥推(tui)进(jin)农(nong)(nong)村(cun)厕(ce)所革命。巩固户厕(ce)问题摸(mo)排整(zheng)(zheng)改(gai)(gai)成(cheng)果,推(tui)动分类整(zheng)(zheng)改(gai)(gai)销(xiao)号。以中西部地(di)区为重点,稳(wen)(wen)步(bu)推(tui)进(jin)条件适(shi)宜、技术模(mo)式(shi)(shi)成(cheng)熟地(di)区开(kai)展农(nong)(nong)村(cun)改(gai)(gai)厕(ce)。加强(qiang)改(gai)(gai)厕(ce)标准编(bian)制(zhi),开(kai)展节水(shui)防冻等技术试点。统筹推(tui)进(jin)农(nong)(nong)村(cun)生(sheng)(sheng)活污水(shui)和垃圾治理(li)(li)。推(tui)动农(nong)(nong)村(cun)生(sheng)(sheng)活污水(shui)治理(li)(li)与改(gai)(gai)厕(ce)有机衔接,促进(jin)粪污、有机废弃物就(jiu)近就(jiu)地(di)资源化(hua)利(li)用。健全农(nong)(nong)村(cun)生(sheng)(sheng)活垃圾收(shou)运处(chu)置体(ti)系,鼓励有条件的村(cun)庄推(tui)进(jin)垃圾分类、源头减量(liang)。加力推(tui)进(jin)农(nong)(nong)村(cun)生(sheng)(sheng)活污水(shui)处(chu)理(li)(li),因地(di)制(zhi)宜探索(suo)集中处(chu)理(li)(li)、管(guan)网(wang)截污、分散(san)处(chu)置、生(sheng)(sheng)态治污等技术模(mo)式(shi)(shi)。深入实(shi)施村(cun)庄清洁行动,引(yin)导农(nong)(nong)民开(kai)展庭院和村(cun)庄绿化(hua)美化(hua)。

(二十(shi)八)加(jia)强农村(cun)精神(shen)文(wen)明(ming)建(jian)(jian)设(she)。持续推(tui)(tui)进农村(cun)移风易俗。组(zu)织(zhi)开(kai)展移风易俗宣教活(huo)(huo)动,扎实开(kai)展高价彩礼、大操大办(ban)(ban)等(deng)重点领域突出问(wen)题专项治(zhi)理。引导各地在村(cun)规民约中充实简办(ban)(ban)婚丧喜事、减轻(qing)人情(qing)负担、反对铺张浪费、倡导孝(xiao)老(lao)爱亲等(deng)内容。遴选推(tui)(tui)介(jie)(jie)第四批(pi)文(wen)明(ming)乡(xiang)风建(jian)(jian)设(she)典型案例,推(tui)(tui)广(guang)乡(xiang)风文(wen)明(ming)建(jian)(jian)设(she)经验(yan)。保护传(chuan)(chuan)承(cheng)农耕文(wen)化(hua)(hua)。深入实施(shi)农耕文(wen)化(hua)(hua)传(chuan)(chuan)承(cheng)保护工程(cheng),开(kai)展第七批(pi)中国重要(yao)农业文(wen)化(hua)(hua)遗产(chan)(chan)挖掘(jue)认定。实施(shi)“农业文(wen)化(hua)(hua)遗产(chan)(chan)里的中国”系列宣传(chuan)(chuan)活(huo)(huo)动。以“庆丰收促和美(mei)”为主(zhu)题办(ban)(ban)好(hao)第六(liu)个中国农民丰收节(jie),组(zu)织(zhi)开(kai)展具有广(guang)泛影(ying)响力的节(jie)日(ri)特(te)色活(huo)(huo)动。丰富(fu)乡(xiang)村(cun)文(wen)体生(sheng)活(huo)(huo)。开(kai)展乡(xiang)村(cun)阅读推(tui)(tui)广(guang)活(huo)(huo)动,遴选推(tui)(tui)介(jie)(jie)“乡(xiang)村(cun)阅读榜样”。举办(ban)(ban)全国“美(mei)丽(li)乡(xiang)村(cun)健康跑”等(deng)农民体育品牌(pai)活(huo)(huo)动,探索(suo)推(tui)(tui)广(guang)“村(cun)BA”篮球赛(sai)等(deng)赛(sai)事。

(二(er)十九)加强和(he)改进乡(xiang)村(cun)治(zhi)(zhi)理(li)(li)。强化(hua)统筹(chou)协调(diao)。联合有(you)关部门(men)制定健全(quan)县(xian)乡(xiang)村(cun)三(san)级治(zhi)(zhi)理(li)(li)体系(xi)功能的(de)文件,统筹(chou)推(tui)动(dong)加强农村(cun)基层(ceng)党建、自治(zhi)(zhi)、法治(zhi)(zhi)、德(de)治(zhi)(zhi)等工作。持续推(tui)进减轻(qing)村(cun)级组(zu)织负(fu)担。推(tui)动(dong)解决乡(xiang)村(cun)治(zhi)(zhi)理(li)(li)突出问题。协调(diao)推(tui)进农村(cun)地区(qu)疫情防控(kong),推(tui)动(dong)做(zuo)好药品物资供(gong)应、重(zhong)症转诊救治(zhi)(zhi)、重(zhong)点人群防护等工作。深化(hua)试(shi)点示范。启动(dong)第二(er)轮(lun)全(quan)国乡(xiang)村(cun)治(zhi)(zhi)理(li)(li)体系(xi)建设试(shi)点,拓(tuo)展试(shi)点范围(wei)和(he)内容。开展第三(san)批(pi)“百乡(xiang)千村(cun)”全(quan)国乡(xiang)村(cun)治(zhi)(zhi)理(li)(li)示范村(cun)镇创建。创新治(zhi)(zhi)理(li)(li)方(fang)式。进一步(bu)推(tui)动(dong)扩大积分(fen)制、清单制、数字化(hua)治(zhi)(zhi)理(li)(li)运用覆盖面。总结提炼网格(ge)化(hua)管理(li)(li)、精(jing)细化(hua)服(fu)务、信息化(hua)支(zhi)撑(cheng)的(de)做(zuo)法,因地制宜(yi)推(tui)动(dong)在基层(ceng)广(guang)泛落地应用。

七、积极稳妥深化(hua)农村改革,激发农业农村发展活力

(三十)深(shen)化农村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)土地(di)(di)制(zhi)度(du)改(gai)(gai)(gai)革。稳(wen)步(bu)推进农村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)承(cheng)包地(di)(di)改(gai)(gai)(gai)革。扩大第(di)二轮(lun)土地(di)(di)承(cheng)包到(dao)期后再延(yan)长30年(nian)试点(dian)(dian)范(fan)围,研(yan)究制(zhi)定关于延(yan)包试点(dian)(dian)工(gong)作(zuo)指(zhi)导意见。印(yin)发农村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)土地(di)(di)承(cheng)包合同管理(li)办法,健(jian)全(quan)(quan)农村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)承(cheng)包地(di)(di)信(xin)息平台(tai)和(he)数据库(ku),完善承(cheng)包经营纠纷调解(jie)(jie)仲裁体(ti)系。鼓(gu)励有(you)条件的地(di)(di)方在农民自愿前(qian)提下结(jie)合农田(tian)建(jian)设(she)、土地(di)(di)整治开(kai)展农田(tian)集中连片(pian)整理(li),探索(suo)逐步(bu)解(jie)(jie)决承(cheng)包地(di)(di)细碎化问题。稳(wen)慎推进农村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)宅(zhai)基(ji)(ji)地(di)(di)改(gai)(gai)(gai)革和(he)管理(li)。深(shen)化农村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)宅(zhai)基(ji)(ji)地(di)(di)制(zhi)度(du)改(gai)(gai)(gai)革试点(dian)(dian),加(jia)快总结(jie)一批可行制(zhi)度(du)成果,探索(suo)完善宅(zhai)基(ji)(ji)地(di)(di)所有(you)权、资格权、使用(yong)权等权利(li)内(nei)容及(ji)其分(fen)置实现形式。制(zhi)定农村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)宅(zhai)基(ji)(ji)地(di)(di)管理(li)暂行办法,加(jia)强宅(zhai)基(ji)(ji)地(di)(di)管理(li)基(ji)(ji)础工(gong)作(zuo)。积极稳(wen)妥激活农村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)闲(xian)置宅(zhai)基(ji)(ji)地(di)(di)资源,引导和(he)规范(fan)盘活利(li)用(yong)行为(wei)。加(jia)快房地(di)(di)一体(ti)确权登记颁证,建(jian)设(she)全(quan)(quan)国统一的农村(cun)(cun)(cun)(cun)宅(zhai)基(ji)(ji)地(di)(di)管理(li)信(xin)息平台(tai)。

(三(san)十一)发展新(xin)(xin)型(xing)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)经(jing)营(ying)(ying)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)体(ti)(ti)(ti)和社(she)(she)(she)会(hui)(hui)(hui)化服(fu)(fu)务。培育新(xin)(xin)型(xing)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)经(jing)营(ying)(ying)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)体(ti)(ti)(ti)。实施(shi)(shi)新(xin)(xin)型(xing)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)经(jing)营(ying)(ying)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)体(ti)(ti)(ti)提升行动(dong),指(zhi)导农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民合(he)作社(she)(she)(she)加强规(gui)范管理。深入(ru)开展社(she)(she)(she)企对接,推(tui)进(jin)示范社(she)(she)(she)“四级联创(chuang)”,健(jian)全(quan)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民合(he)作社(she)(she)(she)规(gui)范管理长效机制。全(quan)面推(tui)行家(jia)庭农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)场(chang)(chang)“一码通(tong)”管理服(fu)(fu)务制度,推(tui)广(guang)应用“家(jia)庭农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)场(chang)(chang)随(sui)手(shou)记”记账软(ruan)件(jian),支(zhi)(zhi)持有(you)条件(jian)的小农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)户(hu)成长为家(jia)庭农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)场(chang)(chang)、家(jia)庭农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)场(chang)(chang)组建(jian)(jian)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)民合(he)作社(she)(she)(she)、合(he)作社(she)(she)(she)根据发展需要办企业(ye)(ye)。健(jian)全(quan)新(xin)(xin)型(xing)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)经(jing)营(ying)(ying)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)体(ti)(ti)(ti)辅导员(yuan)队伍,开展“千员(yuan)带万社(she)(she)(she)”行动(dong),鼓励依托社(she)(she)(she)会(hui)(hui)(hui)力量建(jian)(jian)立新(xin)(xin)型(xing)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)经(jing)营(ying)(ying)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)体(ti)(ti)(ti)实博(bo)体(ti)(ti)(ti)育手(shou)机app下载。加快发展社(she)(she)(she)会(hui)(hui)(hui)化服(fu)(fu)务。实施(shi)(shi)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)社(she)(she)(she)会(hui)(hui)(hui)化服(fu)(fu)务促进(jin)行动(dong),以粮(liang)棉油糖为重(zhong)点,兼顾支(zhi)(zhi)持开展经(jing)济作物、畜禽水产养殖(zhi)等领域(yu)的社(she)(she)(she)会(hui)(hui)(hui)化服(fu)(fu)务。强化服(fu)(fu)务标(biao)准(zhun)建(jian)(jian)设和合(he)同规(gui)范,推(tui)动(dong)服(fu)(fu)务主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)体(ti)(ti)(ti)与农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)资、农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)机、金融等相关主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)体(ti)(ti)(ti)机构加强业(ye)(ye)务对接合(he)作。深入(ru)实施(shi)(shi)农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)社(she)(she)(she)会(hui)(hui)(hui)化服(fu)(fu)务创(chuang)新(xin)(xin)试点,引(yin)导有(you)条件(jian)的市场(chang)(chang)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)体(ti)(ti)(ti)建(jian)(jian)设区域(yu)性农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)全(quan)产业(ye)(ye)链综合(he)服(fu)(fu)务平台。深入(ru)开展全(quan)国农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)服(fu)(fu)进(jin)万家(jia)系列活动(dong)。鼓励农(nong)(nong)(nong)(nong)垦面向地方开展社(she)(she)(she)会(hui)(hui)(hui)化服(fu)(fu)务。

(三十(shi)二)发展新(xin)型农村(cun)(cun)集(ji)(ji)体(ti)(ti)经(jing)(jing)济。深(shen)入(ru)推(tui)进(jin)改革(ge)。深(shen)化(hua)农村(cun)(cun)集(ji)(ji)体(ti)(ti)产权(quan)制度(du)改革(ge),完善集(ji)(ji)体(ti)(ti)经(jing)(jing)济组织(zhi)法(fa)人治理结构,健(jian)全(quan)(quan)符合市场经(jing)(jing)济要求的集(ji)(ji)体(ti)(ti)经(jing)(jing)济组织(zhi)运行机(ji)制。开展集(ji)(ji)体(ti)(ti)收益分配权(quan)抵押担保、有(you)偿退(tui)出(chu)等(deng)试点(dian),赋予农民(min)更加(jia)充分的财产权(quan)益。推(tui)进(jin)农村(cun)(cun)产权(quan)流转交易市场规(gui)范化(hua)建设(she)。加(jia)强(qiang)(qiang)监(jian)督(du)管(guan)(guan)理。健(jian)全(quan)(quan)农村(cun)(cun)集(ji)(ji)体(ti)(ti)资(zi)(zi)产监(jian)管(guan)(guan)服(fu)务体(ti)(ti)系,加(jia)强(qiang)(qiang)服(fu)务机(ji)构和队伍(wu)建设(she)。强(qiang)(qiang)化(hua)农村(cun)(cun)集(ji)(ji)体(ti)(ti)经(jing)(jing)济组织(zhi)审计监(jian)督(du),开展集(ji)(ji)体(ti)(ti)资(zi)(zi)产监(jian)管(guan)(guan)效(xiao)能提(ti)升行动(dong)。探(tan)索发展路径。指导各地因(yin)地制宜探(tan)索资(zi)(zi)源发包、物业(ye)出(chu)租、居间服(fu)务、资(zi)(zi)产参(can)股等(deng)新(xin)型农村(cun)(cun)集(ji)(ji)体(ti)(ti)经(jing)(jing)济发展模式(shi)。鼓励有(you)条件的地方探(tan)索村(cun)(cun)村(cun)(cun)抱团发展、村(cun)(cun)企村(cun)(cun)社联动(dong)发展、职(zhi)业(ye)经(jing)(jing)理人入(ru)村(cun)(cun)等(deng)多种形(xing)式(shi)的合作。

(三(san)十三(san))深(shen)入(ru)推(tui)(tui)进农(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)其他领域改(gai)革(ge)(ge)。开展(zhan)(zhan)改(gai)革(ge)(ge)试(shi)点(dian)。深(shen)入(ru)推(tui)(tui)进农(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)综(zong)合改(gai)革(ge)(ge)试(shi)点(dian)示范,推(tui)(tui)动(dong)(dong)重点(dian)领域和(he)关键环节改(gai)革(ge)(ge)取得突破。发(fa)挥农(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)改(gai)革(ge)(ge)试(shi)验(yan)区示范带动(dong)(dong)作用,总结推(tui)(tui)广一批(pi)可(ke)复(fu)制(zhi)(zhi)可(ke)借鉴的农(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)改(gai)革(ge)(ge)经验(yan)模(mo)式。持续深(shen)化(hua)(hua)农(nong)(nong)(nong)垦(ken)改(gai)革(ge)(ge)。开展(zhan)(zhan)农(nong)(nong)(nong)垦(ken)集团化(hua)(hua)企业(ye)化(hua)(hua)改(gai)革(ge)(ge)发(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)质(zhi)量监测,强化(hua)(hua)分类指导。制(zhi)(zhi)定(ding)创新完善农(nong)(nong)(nong)垦(ken)国有(you)农(nong)(nong)(nong)场农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)经营管(guan)理体制(zhi)(zhi)机制(zhi)(zhi)指导意见。推(tui)(tui)动(dong)(dong)出台加(jia)强农(nong)(nong)(nong)垦(ken)国有(you)农(nong)(nong)(nong)用地使(shi)用权(quan)管(guan)理办法(fa)。推(tui)(tui)动(dong)(dong)解(jie)决农(nong)(nong)(nong)垦(ken)国有(you)土(tu)地权(quan)属(shu)争(zheng)议和(he)国有(you)农(nong)(nong)(nong)场办社会(hui)职能改(gai)革(ge)(ge)遗留问题。深(shen)入(ru)实施欠发(fa)达(da)农(nong)(nong)(nong)场特(te)色产业(ye)提升行动(dong)(dong)和(he)品牌强垦(ken)行动(dong)(dong),培育壮(zhuang)大农(nong)(nong)(nong)场优势(shi)特(te)色产业(ye)。

 八、强化(hua)保障,落实落细全面推进(jin)乡村(cun)振兴各项(xiang)任务

(三十四)加(jia)强规(gui)划(hua)(hua)(hua)行动引领。落(luo)实(shi)重(zhong)大(da)(da)部署(shu)。制(zhi)定加(jia)快建(jian)设农(nong)业(ye)强国规(gui)划(hua)(hua)(hua)。制(zhi)定农(nong)村(cun)基本具备(bei)现代生(sheng)活条(tiao)件(jian)建(jian)设指引,研究评价指标体系,建(jian)设功能完备(bei)又保(bao)留乡(xiang)味乡(xiang)韵(yun)的宜(yi)居乡(xiang)村(cun)。印发树立大(da)(da)食(shi)物观开(kai)发食(shi)物资源(yuan)保(bao)障各类食(shi)物有效(xiao)供(gong)给的指导意见,分领域(yu)制(zhi)定实(shi)施(shi)方案。推动重(zhong)大(da)(da)规(gui)划(hua)(hua)(hua)实(shi)施(shi)。制(zhi)定“十四五”农(nong)业(ye)农(nong)村(cun)现代化规(gui)划(hua)(hua)(hua)实(shi)施(shi)年(nian)度(du)任(ren)务(wu)(wu)清单和工(gong)作台账,组织开(kai)展(zhan)中期评估(gu)。协调(diao)推进配套专项规(gui)划(hua)(hua)(hua)、建(jian)设规(gui)划(hua)(hua)(hua)重(zhong)点任(ren)务(wu)(wu)和重(zhong)大(da)(da)工(gong)程计(ji)划(hua)(hua)(hua)行动落(luo)实(shi)。

(三十五)健(jian)全(quan)(quan)乡村(cun)(cun)振(zhen)(zhen)兴(xing)(xing)推(tui)进机制(zhi)。推(tui)动(dong)责任落(luo)实。全(quan)(quan)面落(luo)实乡村(cun)(cun)振(zhen)(zhen)兴(xing)(xing)责任制(zhi)实施(shi)办法,加(jia)强政策协(xie)同和工(gong)作协(xie)同。强化激(ji)励约束。开展(zhan)省(sheng)级(ji)党委和政府(fu)推(tui)进乡村(cun)(cun)振(zhen)(zhen)兴(xing)(xing)战略实绩考核,组(zu)织全(quan)(quan)面推(tui)进乡村(cun)(cun)振(zhen)(zhen)兴(xing)(xing)督(du)查(cha)。实施(shi)促进乡村(cun)(cun)产(chan)业振(zhen)(zhen)兴(xing)(xing)、改善(shan)农(nong)村(cun)(cun)人居环境等乡村(cun)(cun)振(zhen)(zhen)兴(xing)(xing)重点工(gong)作督(du)查(cha)激(ji)励。推(tui)进示(shi)范(fan)创建(jian)(jian)。新创建(jian)(jian)一批国家乡村(cun)(cun)振(zhen)(zhen)兴(xing)(xing)示(shi)范(fan)县,指导(dao)有条(tiao)件(jian)的(de)地方按规定开展(zhan)乡村(cun)(cun)振(zhen)(zhen)兴(xing)(xing)示(shi)范(fan)乡镇(zhen)、示(shi)范(fan)村(cun)(cun)创建(jian)(jian)。研(yan)究建(jian)(jian)立客观(guan)反(fan)映乡村(cun)(cun)振(zhen)(zhen)兴(xing)(xing)进展(zhan)的(de)指标和统计体系。

(三十六(liu))扩大农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)农(nong)(nong)(nong)村有(you)效投(tou)(tou)(tou)资(zi)(zi)。强(qiang)化财(cai)政(zheng)投(tou)(tou)(tou)入(ru)(ru)。推动(dong)财(cai)政(zheng)支(zhi)(zhi)农(nong)(nong)(nong)投(tou)(tou)(tou)入(ru)(ru)稳定(ding)增加(jia)(jia),落(luo)实(shi)提高(gao)土地出让收益用于(yu)农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)农(nong)(nong)(nong)村比(bi)例政(zheng)策要求。扩大乡(xiang)村振(zhen)(zhen)兴(xing)票据发(fa)行规(gui)模(mo),将符合(he)条(tiao)件的乡(xiang)村振(zhen)(zhen)兴(xing)项目纳入(ru)(ru)地方政(zheng)府债券支(zhi)(zhi)持范围。撬动(dong)金融投(tou)(tou)(tou)入(ru)(ru)。持续推进农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)经(jing)营(ying)(ying)主体信(xin)贷(dai)(dai)直通车服务(wu),加(jia)(jia)快农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)生产(chan)经(jing)营(ying)(ying)信(xin)息库建设(she),支(zhi)(zhi)持农(nong)(nong)(nong)村数字普惠金融发(fa)展。鼓励金融机构增加(jia)(jia)乡(xiang)村振(zhen)(zhen)兴(xing)贷(dai)(dai)款投(tou)(tou)(tou)放,重点(dian)用于(yu)高(gao)标准农(nong)(nong)(nong)田、设(she)施农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)、农(nong)(nong)(nong)产(chan)品仓储保鲜冷链(lian)物流设(she)施等(deng)农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)农(nong)(nong)(nong)村基(ji)础设(she)施建设(she)。引导社(she)会(hui)资(zi)(zi)本(ben)投(tou)(tou)(tou)入(ru)(ru)。制(zhi)定(ding)社(she)会(hui)资(zi)(zi)本(ben)投(tou)(tou)(tou)资(zi)(zi)农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)农(nong)(nong)(nong)村指引,明确投(tou)(tou)(tou)资(zi)(zi)重点(dian)产(chan)业(ye)(ye)和领域。健(jian)全政(zheng)府投(tou)(tou)(tou)资(zi)(zi)与金融、社(she)会(hui)投(tou)(tou)(tou)入(ru)(ru)联动(dong)机制(zhi),完(wan)善农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)农(nong)(nong)(nong)村基(ji)础设(she)施融资(zi)(zi)项目库,吸引更多资(zi)(zi)本(ben)投(tou)(tou)(tou)向农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)农(nong)(nong)(nong)村。

(三十七)强化乡(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)振(zhen)兴人(ren)(ren)(ren)才(cai)(cai)支撑。加(jia)强高(gao)层次实(shi)博体(ti)育(yu)手(shou)机(ji)app下(xia)载。培(pei)(pei)(pei)养(yang)一(yi)批农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)科技(ji)领军人(ren)(ren)(ren)才(cai)(cai)和优秀青年(nian)科技(ji)创(chuang)新(xin)人(ren)(ren)(ren)才(cai)(cai)。建好用好乡(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)振(zhen)兴实(shi)博体(ti)育(yu)手(shou)机(ji)app下(xia)载优质(zhi)(zhi)校(xiao),加(jia)大卓越农(nong)(nong)(nong)林人(ren)(ren)(ren)才(cai)(cai)教育(yu)培(pei)(pei)(pei)养(yang)力度。培(pei)(pei)(pei)育(yu)高(gao)素质(zhi)(zhi)农(nong)(nong)(nong)民。深入(ru)实(shi)施高(gao)素质(zhi)(zhi)农(nong)(nong)(nong)民培(pei)(pei)(pei)育(yu)计划和学历(li)提升行动计划,大力培(pei)(pei)(pei)育(yu)新(xin)型经(jing)营主(zhu)体(ti)带(dai)头(tou)人(ren)(ren)(ren)和种养(yang)大户。实(shi)施乡(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)产业(ye)振(zhen)兴带(dai)头(tou)人(ren)(ren)(ren)培(pei)(pei)(pei)育(yu)“头(tou)雁”项目(mu),将回乡(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)返(fan)(fan)乡(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)创(chuang)业(ye)人(ren)(ren)(ren)员纳入(ru)培(pei)(pei)(pei)育(yu)体(ti)系,每年(nian)培(pei)(pei)(pei)育(yu)2万人(ren)(ren)(ren)左右。优化实(shi)施农(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)实(shi)用人(ren)(ren)(ren)才(cai)(cai)带(dai)头(tou)人(ren)(ren)(ren)培(pei)(pei)(pei)训计划,开展“耕耘者”振(zhen)兴计划新(xin)型农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)经(jing)营主(zhu)体(ti)带(dai)头(tou)人(ren)(ren)(ren)培(pei)(pei)(pei)训。推动人(ren)(ren)(ren)才(cai)(cai)下(xia)乡(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)。健全长效化乡(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)引才(cai)(cai)机(ji)制(zhi),畅通人(ren)(ren)(ren)才(cai)(cai)向乡(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)村(cun)流动渠道,有序引导大学毕业(ye)生到乡(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)、能人(ren)(ren)(ren)回乡(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)、农(nong)(nong)(nong)民工返(fan)(fan)乡(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)、企(qi)业(ye)家(jia)入(ru)乡(xiang)(xiang)(xiang)。

(三十八)加强农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)农(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)法(fa)治建设(she)(she)。完(wan)善(shan)法(fa)律(lv)法(fa)规。加快(kuai)推(tui)(tui)动(dong)(dong)制(zhi)定粮食(shi)安全(quan)(quan)(quan)保(bao)障法(fa)、耕(geng)地保(bao)护法(fa)、农(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)集体经(jing)济组织法(fa),修订渔业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)法(fa)、植(zhi)物(wu)(wu)新品(pin)种保(bao)护条(tiao)例,完(wan)善(shan)种业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)振兴、生物(wu)(wu)安全(quan)(quan)(quan)、动(dong)(dong)物(wu)(wu)防疫等领(ling)域配(pei)套制(zhi)度。提(ti)高执(zhi)法(fa)质效。深(shen)入(ru)实施农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)综(zong)合行(xing)政执(zhi)法(fa)能力提(ti)升行(xing)动(dong)(dong),开(kai)展执(zhi)法(fa)示范创(chuang)建和(he)练兵比武。建设(she)(she)全(quan)(quan)(quan)国农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)综(zong)合行(xing)政执(zhi)法(fa)信息系统。强化(hua)品(pin)种权(quan)保(bao)护、农(nong)(nong)(nong)资质量(liang)、农(nong)(nong)(nong)产品(pin)质量(liang)安全(quan)(quan)(quan)、动(dong)(dong)植(zhi)物(wu)(wu)检疫等重点(dian)领(ling)域执(zhi)法(fa)。推(tui)(tui)进法(fa)律(lv)进村(cun)入(ru)户。探索创(chuang)新农(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)普(pu)法(fa)机制(zhi),加快(kuai)培育农(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)学法(fa)用(yong)法(fa)示范户,加强农(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)法(fa)治教育基地建设(she)(she)。组织创(chuang)作推(tui)(tui)广具有乡土文化(hua)特(te)色、群众喜闻乐见的普(pu)法(fa)产品(pin),开(kai)展普(pu)法(fa)短(duan)视频(pin)推(tui)(tui)介活动(dong)(dong)。推(tui)(tui)动(dong)(dong)依法(fa)治理。持续深(shen)化(hua)农(nong)(nong)(nong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)农(nong)(nong)(nong)村(cun)领(ling)域“放管(guan)服”改革(ge),落实行(xing)政许(xu)可清(qing)单管(guan)理和(he)部门权(quan)责清(qing)单。推(tui)(tui)进重大政策社会(hui)稳定风(feng)险(xian)评估。

农业(ye)农村部

2023年(nian)2月3日